Cleantech Industry
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This article is written by Yashvi Shah, pursuing a Diploma in Entrepreneurship, Administration and Business Laws from LawSikho.

What is Cleantech

Considering the impending results of global warming and rapid fossil fuel combustion, as different nations start announcing climate emergency and take steps towards feasible decisions for securing the climate and biodiversity, clean (and green) technology has become the forefront of societal activity. Prominently referred to as ‘Cleantech’, this sector is garnering mass interest from researchers, academicians, technologists, industry specialists, and other stakeholders.  

In other words, Cleantech incorporates a wide scope of innovations concerning- reusing, sustainable power sources (solar, hydropower, wind energy, biofuels), green construction, electric vehicles, lighting, and so forth. From startups to conglomerates and government associations, Cleantech is used as methods for development, effectiveness, supportability and upper hand worldwide. Cleantech empowers different ventures, old and new, to change themselves and become a part of this new journey. It has prompted development in innovation, plans of action, financing components, cross-industry associations, and corporate associations’ reception.  

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Today, India, without a doubt, represents a hugely rewarding business sector for the Cleantech business with numerous ventures and FDI inflows being siphoned into the area. This article talks about the current obstacles confronting the Cleantech area in India, understanding the open doors for this industry’s future development, while also delineating its conceivable direction.  

Significant trends in the Cleantech industry  

Indian organizations have started to explore foreign stock exchanges as a source of assets. At the same time, Venture Capitals and Private Equity players have begun indicating an expansion in interest in alternative energy organizations, particularly Solar and Wind energy organizations. There is an expansion in the Merger and Acquisition, Joint Ventures or cooperation exercises because of strategies and backing from the Government, including 100% Foreign Direct Investment under the automatic route.  

As of late, organizations associated with wind, solar, hydro, biofuels and geothermal energy generation, energy storage, industrial manufacturing, nanotech production, bio, chemical and different materials with Cleantech applications, Recycling and Waste, Transportation and waste management are very dynamic. 

Kinds of businesses in Cleantech

Cleantech is by and large connected with solar, wind and other renewable forms of energy. Nonetheless, the term is more extensive than simply renewable energy technologies and includes any product or service that eases the destructive environmental effect of different items or cycles through energy proficiency improvement, economical utilization of assets, disposal/refinement of waste materials and outflows, and so on. It incorporates reusing, green construction, electric vehicles, lighting and so forth an illustrative rundown of the sorts of organizations in the Cleantech area might be as per the following:  

  • Environmentally friendly vehicle  
  • Energy generation  
  • Energy proficiency  
  • Wastewater treatment  
  • Waste management 
  • Packaging  
  • Synthetics  

Significant laws affecting the Cleantech industry  

India doesn’t have particular laws and guidelines that oversee the sustainable energy sector, yet within different strategies identifying with electrification, some sustainable energy motivating forces have been given.  

The following acts, guidelines and arrangements play a significant role:

  • The Electricity Act 2003  
  • The National Electricity Policy 2005  
  • The National Tariff Policy (NTP) 2016  
  • The National Rural Electrification Policy  
  • The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)  
  • Different state-explicit guidelines and strategies  

Significant Cleantech players in India

Leading Indian organizations: Acne Solar, Adani and Greenko, Renew Power, Sembcorp, Azure Power, Tata Power, National Thermal Power Corporation, Avada Power, Hero Future Energies, Suzlon Energy.  

Significant industry associations: Solar Energy Society of India (SESI), Indian Wind Energy Association, World Institute of Sustainable Energy, Indian Wind Power Association – IWPA, Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association – IWTMA.  

Significant Government and non-government associations/agencies: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy – MNRE, Central Electricity Authority (CEA), State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs), The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency – IREDA, Solar Energy Center, Center for Wind Energy Technology-C-WET, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy – SSS NIRE, Alternate Hydro Energy Center – AHEC, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). 

Opportunities for Cleantech startups for investment or market entry

Notwithstanding various difficulties, it tends to be said with certainty that India’s Cleantech industry is growing exponentially lately. With India’s Government adjusting policymaking towards being a net-zero carbon economy in the very long time to come, India has set aggressive focuses for the various Cleantech area. The nation is upgrading a steady approach system and guidelines to support new companies and organizations in the Cleantech business.  

India has been positioned fifth in the world regarding introduced renewable energy capacity, and holds the second spot among the many arising economies spearheading progress to clean energy, according to different reports and industry gauges. Likewise, a new IBEF report brought up that India’s sustainable power area was “the fourth-most alluring business sector in the world.” 

All these analytical data points and insights are a declaration that India is ready to turn into a force to be reckoned with in clean energy in the years to come and quite possibly the most appealing destinations universally in terms of environment-friendly investment.

In the close and medium-term, Cleantech will assume a basic part with the accompanying drivers, since:  

  • Capital advancement, through new financing structures, players, financing vehicles and jobs, will complement technology.    
  • Renewables will assume a developing part in the energy mix of nations and partnerships.  
  • Sub-national entities, regardless of whether urban communities, states or areas, will turn out to be progressively significant as business sectors, financing sources and proving grounds for development as they go to Cleantech because of their supportability related goals.  
  • Global improvement of clean energy will accelerate because of the flooding interest for energy in developing business sectors and progressively favourable economics for solar and wind energy. 
  • Investments from developing economies will rise.  
  • A few clean energy technology fragments have filled vigorously as of late, determined by private advancement and business ventures and basic public sector support upheld as tax reductions, grants and loan guarantees. Large numbers of the clean technologies are adopted, for example, biomass, solar thermal and onshore wind farms, are now marketed. The costs of such advances have fallen because of their expanded creation and development seen in the sector. Their expenses are relied upon to decline further, especially because of effective policy support, with expanded clean advancements appropriation. 
  • Cleantech, a critical driver for corporate associations- Strategic management of energy by partnerships, is quickly developing because of monetary, energy security, brand value, administrative, competitive risks, and so on. Global enterprises progressively understand that they should comprehend the effect of Cleantech on their ventures and create key activity plans on whether to improve their internal operations, actualize more efficient energy and other resource mix or seek after new Cleantech-empowered revenue opportunities. 

Guiding the path forward  

In the coming years, less known yet critical verticals of Cleantech, for example, fuel-from-plastic, waste-to-energy, sea and water bodies clean up, and so forth, should be supported as much as solar or hydropower undertakings and electric vehicles. Diminishing its carbon footprint while obliging the steadily developing energy demand would not be an easy journey for India, and in this way, the transition to being a 100 per cent Cleantech nation can be eased out only with the regular phase-out on the use of conventional energy (particularly coal and petroleum products).  

In India’s desire of turning into a $5-trillion economy by FY25 was illustrated in the most recent Union Budget by our Hon’ble Finance Minister, “Pollution-free India with green mother earth and blue skies” is a part of the “vision document for the decade”, henceforth, sectoral changes for climate and maintainability area and Cleantech is required to assume a critical part, close by large scale improvements like urbanization, savvy urban areas, and natural resource depletion that will keep on filling demand for Cleantech manufacturing and cooperative enterprises.  

While the government backing will support underlying changes and strategy intercessions preferring the Cleantech area elements, academia and private players likewise need to hold turns in opening advancement and making clean energy more available and reasonable for the general population. Finally, the tremendous progress towards clean tech not just resounds with the developing attention to natural issues but will likewise make a ton of employment and upskilling openings in the following decade, which is undoubtedly another undiscovered yet opportunity zone that should be looked into.  

Five Cleantech new businesses that have thought of imaginative solutions for add to India’s perfect energy objective are:

  • Orjan: A rooftop top solar platform system, Orjan offers solutions for setting up and keeping up solar panels for families and organizations, and intends to make solar energy to the most extreme number of individuals. A portion of its customers’ services incorporates designing, acquiring solar panels, commissioning, liaising with specialists, and financing.  
  • Log 9: Bengaluru-based Cleantech startup Log 9 Materials is a nanotechnology organization that intends to revolutionize the energy area with an imaginative zero-emission and minimal cost aluminium-air fuel cell.  
  • OxyGarden: After more than two years of prototyping and testing, Gurugram-based Cleantech startup OxyGarden dispatched its first business product, Forest, in January 2020. It additionally claims to deliver 700 litres of oxygen for each day, lessens fossil fuel byproducts, and keeps an ideal level (40% to 60 per cent RH) of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ).  
  • AirOk: Founded in 2015 by three previous IIT-Madras understudies – Deekshit Vara Prasad, Yasa Pavan Reddy, and Vanam Sravan Krishna, AirOk makes air purifiers that use a patent filter technology called EGAPA (Efficient Granular Absorbent Particulate Arrestor) to sift through powerful poisons and vaporous substances. Brooded at IIT-Madras incubation cell, AirOK got Rs 5 lakh seed reserve from the incubation cell, which encouraged them to test and approve the filter.
  • Skilancer Solar: Started in 2017 by IIT Jodhpur graduate class, Neeraj Kumar and Manish Kumar Das, Skilancer Solar specializes in providing lasting proficient cleaning administrations of solar panels commercial parks and establishments.

Challenges confronted by Cleantech startups

Despite the assortment of advancements in this area, Cleantech entrepreneurs face unique difficulties beyond the conventional startup development lifecycle. Cleantech in India can at present be alluded to as an emerging concept and the concentration till date has generally been sector explicit. Separate schemes at the authoritative level are now focused on restoring particular areas, such as solar, wind, energy efficiency, electric mobility, etc. An excess of push just on solar and wind force can be disadvantageous over the long haul, just as the generation of sustainable power at scale is continually developing. The fundamental factor hindering it is the high capital involved. Besides, the appropriation of developments identifying with Cleantech in mid-to-huge estimated organizations has been fairly moderate, generally because of an absence of mindfulness and vulnerability regarding venture return.  

Another approaching region of stress is something many refer to as ‘green fatigue’. Speculators, investors (VC), and industry specialists have been completely worn out by the sheer number of Cleantech examples of overcoming adversity advised to them over the previous decade. Therefore, they stay skeptical about the capability of Cleantech new companies to work out in the long haul. Special, negative climate conditions and occasions, (for example, floods, unpredictable rainfall, dust storms, abnormally high temperatures, and so forth) regularly add to the vulnerability. Research and advancement for quality-driven business versatility in the space of Cleantech is another huge field where India needs to up its game.

Notwithstanding customer-based products, B2B clean and sustainable advancements experience a comparable test. Embracing these developments in mid-to-enormous size enterprises can be overwhelming because the absence of schooling exhibiting the drawn-out cost decreases. Regardless of whether an organization is eager to take a gander at elective energy choices, youthful new businesses in this space may have a troublesome street when contrasted and more-settled contenders.  

The absence of a consolidated and unified strategy and financing system and restricted acknowledgement of Cleantech as a legitimate industry concerning the Government remains a part of worry for India’s segment. Political components play into the achievement of clean energy organizations. As anyone might expect, as official organizations change, so too does energy strategy. Holmes Hummel refers to the significant role of states in developing new and alternative energy solutions- “Policymakers at the state level are given a tremendous opportunity to shape market conditions. In the aftermath of debates in Congress in 2007, 2009 and 2010 over energy and climate policy, what is clear is that states have a leadership opportunity.” Therefore, an exhaustive comprehension of Government, state policy and areas of opportunity becomes imperative to a company’s development in this area.  


The sustainable energy market is quickly developing in India and has been standing out enough to notice the Indian Government and different financial specialists and players. The Government of India is additionally boosting this area by proposing different approaches and rules. If India’s wind, solar, biomass, and hydro energy resources are channelized appropriately, this area could change the nation’s power generation. Cleantech has seen developing revenue of technologists, business and Government pioneers, and speculators in the most recent decade, bringing about a developing number of advancements, discounted costs and improvement of new monetary and arrangements structures. Clean advancements can eliminate the issue of natural contamination brought about by non-sustainable wellsprings of energy. Additionally, it can likewise address the dire need of energy for all. These improvements have, at last, prompted an expanded size of the Cleantech market.

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