Destructive Insects and Pests (Amendment and Validation) Act
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This article is written by Sayani Das from Amity Law School, Amity University, Kolkata pursuing BBA.LLB(H). This is an exhaustive article which deals with the various laws, rules and regulations regarding pests and its control mechanism in India.


India is one of the most unique nonexclusive pesticide producers in the world with around 60 specialized evaluation pesticides being produced indigenously by around 125 makers comprising enormous and medium scale endeavours (counting 10 MNCs) and more than 500 pesticide formulators spread over the nation. India is the fourth biggest maker of agrochemicals after the USA, Japan and China. The agrochemicals advertised in India is Rs 4500 crores. The rate portion of the pesticides in the development of fares is around 20.48% per annum and contributes a significant lump to the fares and the supported goals are USA, UK, France, and so on. Indian Government is advancing examination on the utilization of choices and safe pesticides. It is also giving motivators to empower speculations.

Destructive Insects and Pests Act, 1914

This Act was introduced to prevent the introduction and the transport from one state to another in India of any insects, fungus or other pests which is or may be destructive to the crops. The rules framed under the Act were implemented by the Central Government and it received the assent of the Governor-General on 3rd February 1914. The Act is referred to as Act no. II of 1914 and has been updated by the Central Government till June 1976.

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Authority of the Central Government to manage or restrict the import of articles liable to contaminate

  • The Central Government may, by a notice in the Official Gazette, disallow or direct, subject to such limitations as the Central Government may deem fit, the import to India, or any part thereof, or any predefined place in that, of any articles or class of articles prone to make disease to any or of insects for the most part or any class of insects.
  • A notice under Section 3 may indicate an object or class of objects or any bugs or group of bugs either by and large in a specific way, regardless of whether concerning the nation of the root, or the course by which it is imported or something else.

The functioning of notification under Section 3

  • A warning under Section 3 will work as though it had been given under Section 19 of the Sea Customs Act, 1878 (VIII of 1878), and the officials of customs at each port will have similar forces concerning any article concerning the importation of which such a notice has been given as they have until further notice in regard of any article, the importation of which is directed, limited or precluded by the law identifying with sea customs and the law for now in power identifying with Sea customs or any such article will apply as needs are.

Authority of Central Government to control or deny transport from state to state of insects or objects prone to contaminate

    • The Central Government may, by notice in the Official Gazette, restrict or control, subject to such conditions as the Central Government may deem fit, the fare from a State or the vehicle starting with one state then onto the next state in India of any object or class of objects liable to cause infection to any yield or of insects for the most part or any class of insects.

Refusal to convey article of which transport is restricted

(i) Where the notification disallows export or transport, refusal to accept carriage for or to advance or purposely permit to be carried on the railroad or inland steam vessel from that station anything, of which import of transport is limited, dispatched to any place in India outside the state where such station is organized. (ii)Where the notification forces conditions upon import or transport, will so cannot, except if the sender produces, or the thing dispatched is joined by an archive or reports of the endorsed nature indicating that these conditions are fulfilled.

Power of Central Government to frame rules 

  • The Central Government may, by notification in the official gazette, make rules endorsing the idea of the records which will go with any article or insect, the fare or transport of which is subject to conditions imposed under Section 4 A, or which will be held by the dispatcher or proctor thereof, the authorities which may issue such documents and the way in which the reports will be utilized. When the said notification is all set for implementation it should be placed before the two houses of the Parliament.

Power of Local government to frame rules

(i) The state government may make rules for the confinement, investigation, cleansing, or destruction of any insect or class of insects or of any article or class of articles with regard to which a warning has been given under Section 3 or under section 4A or of any article which may have been in contact or nearness thereto, and for directing the forces and obligations of the officials whom it might delegate for this sake. (ii) In making any standard under this section, the state government may coordinate that an infringement thereof will be punishable with fine, which may extend to one thousand rupees.

Penalties and sanctions

  • Any individual who purposely trades any article or insect from a State or transports any article or insect starting with one State then onto the next in India in contradiction of a notice given under Section 4A, or endeavours so to export or transport any article or insect, and any individual liable for the booking of products or packages at a railway or inland steam vessel station who intentionally repudiates the arrangements of section 4B will be culpable with fine which may extend to 200 and fifty rupees and upon any ensuing conviction, with fine which may extend to 2,000 rupees.

Safeguard of the person acting under Act

  • No suit, prosecution or other legitimate procedures will lie against any individual for anything in good faith done or planned to be done under this Act. 

The Destructive Insects and Pests (Amendment and Validation) Act, 1992

This Destructive Insects and Pests (Amendment and Validation) Act, 1992 seeks to amend the Destructive Insects and Pests Act of 1914. This Act concedes the Central Government the power to levy and gather such expenses at such rates and in such way as might be indicated in the 1914 Act for making an application for a license to import, or for making assessment, fumigation, purification, disinfestations or oversight of, any article or class of articles or any insects or class of insects. 

The procedure that needs to be followed for registration of pesticides

Any individual planning to import or to assemble any insecticide may take permission from the Registration Committee for the registration of such insecticide.

  • On receipt of such application, the committee will make a request and will to adjust to the claims made by the merchant and after the instalment of a charge may recommend the insecticide, designate an enlistment number and issue a testament of enlistment in token thereof inside a time of a year.
  • The application will be rejected if the Advisory group is of the feeling that the safety measure asserted by the application includes genuine hazard to human beings or animals.
  • An appeal against any choice of the registration committee will be favoured in writing in the copy to the Central Government in the Department of Agriculture.

• Every appeal will be joined by a treasury challan confirming the instalment of significant charge and a copy of the choice advanced against.

• Online registration provision is likewise accessible to help the candidate wherein the candidate needs to put in his PAN number to demonstrate his validity.

Prohibited pesticides in India

The CIB and RC examine and occasionally survey all pesticides and their utilization – some are restricted from registration itself. More often, a pesticide can be regulated much after registration at the point when it causes genuine ecological and open well concerning. A few pesticides are intended for “Confined Use” which implies that they can be utilized only for a specific purpose and by the approval of the faculty through the Government permit. 

Policy for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

In the chemical sector, 100% FDI is reasonable. Assembling of most chemical items inter-alia covering natural or inorganic, dyestuff and pesticides is delicensed. Following things are canvassed in necessary permitting list on account of risky nature: 

The Pesticides Management Bill of 2008 put a step forward towards advancing safe utilization of pesticides, this Bill tries to manage the assembling, review, testing and circulation of pesticides. It builds up an arrangement of authorizing just like the setting up of an enrollment panel to enlist pesticides.

Key highlights

  1. The Bill replaces the Insecticides Act, 1968. It defines a pesticide as a substance used to destroy or control the spread of nuisances in agrarian items or animal feed. The Bill sets measures by which a pesticide is to be delegated misbranded, unacceptable, or false.
  2. The Bill sets up a Central Pesticides Board to exhort the legislature on issues identified with pesticide guidelines, production, use and removal. It sets up an enrollment board to enlist pesticides. No pesticide can be enlisted except if resilience limits for its residues on harvests and items are determined under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.
  3. The Bill sets up a method to permit producers, wholesalers and retailers of pesticides, to be regulated by state governments. Pesticide assessors will examine offices and gather pesticide tests while pesticide experts will test the examples gathered.

 Main issues and its brief analysis

  1. The Bill characterizes a pesticide as any substance used to destroy or control insects in farming wares or animal feeds. Pesticides utilized for non-agrarian purposes, for example, medicinal services, are therefore avoided from this definition. The Parliamentary Standing Committee has suggested that a more extensive definition be utilized. As far as possible for pesticides are to be indicated by the arrangements of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006. In any case, the important arrangements of the Food Safety and Standards Act presently can’t seem to be brought into power. Pesticides enlisted under the Insecticides Act, 1968, are consequently regarded to be enrolled under the Bill. Resistance limits have not been indicated for a portion of these pesticides. The Bill doesn’t determine punishments for pesticide reviewers or examiners who abuse their forces. The Standing Committee has suggested that punishments be forced on such government officials along the lines of comparative arrangements in the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 or the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006.


As a concluding note, it can be insisted that the broad utilization of insecticides and pesticides is incapable and financially inefficient in the long run. Numerous insecticides do in fact achieve the expected errand of controlling pest populations. Be that as it may, their inconvenient well being and natural impacts make them a deficient long term arrangement. Moreover, generally engineered and characteristic pesticides are susceptible to insufficiency because of obstruction development in insects. Along with these lines, the main suitable answer for what is for the store in the future is the Integrated Pest Management. The monetary advantages and decreased social expenses of these frameworks present a consistent response to the pest control issue.



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