judiciary exams

This article has been published by Rachit Garg.


Law graduates who wish to become members of the subordinate judiciary should write the entry-level exam, which is the Judiciary Exam or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination.

This exam is uniformly divided into 3 stages across all states in India: 

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  1. Prelims, 
  2. Mains and 
  3. Interview.

The state government, under the supervision of the respective high courts, appoints members of the subordinate judiciary.

The selection process is further dependent on yearly vacancies/ number of seats.

Judicial services offer several attractive features that include handsome perks and privileges, including, among others- rent-free accommodation, fuel allowances, subsidised electricity and water supplies, telephone allowances, and bursaries for children’s education.

This article provides detailed information about the Chattisgarh PSC wherein you can see the eligibility criteria, the syllabus, previous year cut-offs, seat analysis with respect to vaccines, tips and tricks to prepare for the exam, important topics and books as well as a sample paper. For all other information, you can refer: https://psc.cg.gov.in/.

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) eligibility 

The following essential qualifications must be met at the time of application:

  1. The candidate must be a citizen of India.
  2. The candidates must be holder of a degree in law which is recognized by the Bar Council of India. 
  3. The candidates must hold a character certificate provided to them by the dean of their educational institute. 
  4. For all fresh law graduates, lawyers, attorneys, and advocates appearing for the exam, the minimum age limit is 21 years and must be less than or equal to 35 years as on the date mentioned in the official advertisement.

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) syllabus

Preliminary Exam (online mode)

Number of questions: 100

Stipulated Time: 2:00 Hours 

Maximum Marks: 100 (No negative marking)

  1. Indian Penal Code
  2. Code of Civil Procedure
  3. Code of Criminal Procedure
  4. Indian Evidence Act
  5. Constitution of India
  6. Transfer of Property Act
  7. Contract Act
  8. Limitation Act
  9. The Chhattisgarh Rent Control Act, 2011
  10. Court Fees Act
  11. Specific Relief Act
  12. Registration Act
  13. Chhattisgarh Land Revenue Code
  14. The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
  15. The Chhattisgarh Excise Act, 1915

Mains Exam (written mode)

Stipulated Time: 3:00 Hours                                                                                                         

Maximum Marks: 100

The Mains exam is subjective and is divided into three parts:

  1. Framing of Issues and writing of Judgment of Civil Cases: 40 Marks
  2. Framing of Charges and writing of Judgment of Criminal Cases: 40 Marks
  3. Translation: 
  • Hindi to English – 10 Marks
  • English to Hindi – 10 Marks


Maximum marks: 15

Percentage of marks to be secured

  • Unreserved category: 33%
  • Reserved categories: 25%

Relatively more meritorious candidates from among those who appeared in the Mains examination in the ratio 1:3 having regard to the number of vacancies shall be called for viva-voce.

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) seat analysis 

YearVacancy (No. of seats)Candidates qualified for MainsCandidates Qualified/ seats filledSeats filled %Seats Vacant
202248521Mains exam to be held on June 27
202349The deadline for completing the exam form is June 24 (till 11:59 PM).

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) previous year cut-offs for reference (2018, 2019)

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) major and minor topics 

Though officially there is no list for this, we have analysed the previous year’s question papers and compiled a list of major and minor topics. 

Major topics (expect 10-15 questions from these topics)Minor topics (expect 3-6 questions from these topics)
IPC Chhattisgarh Rent Control Act
CPCLimitation Act 
CrPCCourt Fees Act 
Evidence Act Chhattisgarh Land Revenue Code
Transfer of Property ActNegotiable Instruments Act
Indian Contact ActSpecific Relief Act 
Constitution of India

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) important books for reference 

It is important to read the bare acts and judgments, irrespective of any reference books.

IPCP. S. A. Pillai
CPC and Limitation ActC. K. Takwani
CrPCR. V. Kelkar
Constitution of IndiaM. P. Jain
Evidence ActBatuk Lal
Contract Act and Specific Relief ActAvtar Singh 
Transfer of Property ActR. K. Sinha 

Tips and tricks to prepare for Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) 

Starting preparation 

The best time to start preparing for judiciary exams is when you are in your 4th or 5th year of college. Gaining conceptual clarity should be the first and foremost priority. At least three revisions should be completed before appearing for the preliminary exams to increase the probability of selection, so start accordingly. 

Reverse preparation strategy 

Start preparing for the Mains exam first. While you are preparing for the subjective part, it will automatically assist you for Prelims examination. This should be done because once Prelims are conducted and the results are released, you have a mere few weeks before Mains exams are held. 

Reading Bare Acts, judgments, and the newspaper 

Bare acts are the most important and should be studied thoroughly. Try to memorise the Sections/Articles/Clauses while you are reading the bare act. When you are reading a particular Section, make sure you read all the illustrations. It is really important that you understand the illustrations to be able to figure out if you have conceptual clarity or not. 

When you are studying a particular topic, make sure you read the landmark judgments. For current judgments, you can use websites such as LiveLaw and Bar and Bench. Understand that both landmark and current judgments are important before you take your exam. 

Apart from these things, you need to read the newspaper daily. This will provide insights that you can utilize in your interview round. You can check out our YouTube channel for daily newspaper analysis provided by experts.

Solve previous year question papers and mocks 

Whenever you are appearing for any exam, you need to keep in mind that there are certain important topics, questions which are often repeated. So, it is best to go through and solve past 10 years question papers and get an idea of what topics are important, what kinds of questions are anticipated, etc., while doing your preparation. 

You must also solve as many mock tests as possible. Time yourself and be honest with yourself. Do not take extra time to complete the mocks, and do not use the internet or books if you do not know any answers. If you give your mocks with honesty, it will help you prepare realistically for the exam and teach you time management. If you do not give any mocks and directly appear for the exam, you are more likely to be nervous and caught off guard.  

Be focused and fully concentrated 

  • Keep a target based approach. Do not sleep before you complete the target. 
  • Write down a plan and stick to it. Divide the plan into smaller blocks to make it achievable. For example, if you plan to revise IPC in 5 days, you need to study roughly 100 sections per day. So decide accordingly. 
  • Stay away from distractions, especially mobile phones. Decide on a fixed “phone time” and use your phone only during that duration. You can use the “focus” feature on your phone, and you can also put a timer on distracting apps.  
  • Take out 20-30 minutes every day for some physical activity, like walking, dancing, or playing a sport. A healthy mind resides within a healthy body. 

Chhattisgarh Judiciary (CGPSC) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How to apply for the CGPSC exam? 

To apply for the exam, go to https://psc.cg.gov.in/htm/OA_CJ_2023.html. For domiciled students, this form is free of charge; however, for non-domiciled students, there is a fee of Rs. 400. Both domiciled and non-domiciled have to pay Rs. 40 that are charged for accessing the portal. 

What are the essentials you must have before you appear for the CGPSC exam?

  • You must have an active e-mail address and a working phone number, and use your formal signature. 
  • You must carry your ID proof (Aadhar card, Voter ID card, Pan Card, Passport, etc.,) and passport size photographs)
  • You must carry your documents (Category Certificate, Domicile Certificate, Grade Sheet – Graduation, Passing Certificate.)

What are the similar states you can apply for if you are appearing for CGPSC exam?

If you are applying for the CGPSC exam, you can also appear for the following states, as the syllabus is similar for them:

  1. Rajasthan 
  2. Madhya Pradesh 

What are the CGPSC examination centres for Prelims and Mains? 

  1. Bilaspur 
  2. Raipur 
  3. Durg-Bhilai

For the Mains exam, the centres will be Bilaspur and Raipur. 

Can a foreign national appear for CGPSC exam? 

No, only citizens of India can appear for this exam, and they must meet the eligibility criteria laid down in the State Notification.

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