Competition law
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This article has been written by B Bhanukesh, pursuing a Diploma in Companies Act Corporate governance and SEBI regulations from LawSikho.


Present-day mechanical upgrades have no vulnerability that extraordinarily affected the quality, openness, and prosperity of items and adventures. Regardless, the unavoidable truth is that the clients are still setbacks of bad and shady practices. The maltreatment of customers acknowledges different designs, for instance, contamination of food, deluding meds, sketchy enlist purchase plans, tremendous costs, bad quality, insufficient organizations, interesting advertisements, risky things, dim displaying, and some more. Moreover, with the steam in information development more cutting-edge kinds of troubles are thrown on the customer like computerised bad behaviors, plastic money, etc., which impact the client in a lot more noteworthy way. ‘Purchaser is sovereign’ and ‘customer is the ruler’ are only legends in the current circumstance particularly in making social orders. Regardless, it has been recognized and appropriately so the Buyer security is a monetary program to be pursued by the governing body, similarly as the business as the satisfaction of the purchasers, is considered an authentic worry for both. In this remarkable circumstance, the assembly, nevertheless, has a fundamental obligation to get the clients’ benefits and rights through fitting game plan measures, authentic design, and administrative framework. 

Customers partake in the business community by using a particular thing. Had there been no client no association would exist. The situation with purchasers is basically horrendous without a doubt. You can take occasions of money managers gauging shy of what he ought to, the association’ making false cases on packs. By then, close-by sweetmeat vendors are tainting unrefined materials to convey the laddoos or barfis. You can audit the case of dropsy considering corrupted mustard oil. Notwithstanding how horrendous quality you get, chances are you will get an inconsiderate response from the financial specialist if you set out to complain.     

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The Article focuses on the Competition Act, 2002, how it is preventing unfair trade practices, what are its sections and objectives of the act. In relation to the Act; how is the Competition Commission of India established, who was its first chairman (including the present one), what are its duties, powers, and functions. At last, the article concludes with the positive and negative impacts of solid rivalry between the markets at every industry or organization and how CCI is dealing with this.

The Competition Act, 2002: an insight

The Competition Act, 2002 contains mainly 66 Sections which are divided into IX Chapters.

  • Chapter I (Preliminary) ? Sections 1-2
  • Chapter II (Prohibition of Certain Agreements, Abuse of Dominant Position and Regulation of Combinations) ? Sections 3-6
  • Chapter III (Competition Commission of India) ? Sections 7-17
  • Chapter IV (Duties, Powers, Functions of the Commission) ? Sections 18-40 
  • Chapter V (Duties of Director General) ? Section 41
  • Chapter VI (Penalties) ? Sections 42-48
  • Chapter VII (Competition Advocacy) ? Section 49
  • Chapter VIII (Finance, Accounts, and Audit) ? Sections 50-53 
  • Chapter VIII A (Appellate Tribunal) ? Section 53A-53U
  • Chapter IX (Miscellaneous) ? Sections 54-66

The objectives of the Competition Act, 2002

An act to give, keeping taking into account the financial advancement of the country, for the establishment of a Commission to prevent practices having an adverse effect on competition, to secure the interests of purchasers, and to guarantee the opportunity of exchange carried on by different members in markets, in India, and for the issue associated therewith or incidental thereto. The reason for the demonstration is to accommodate the foundation of the Commission: 

  • To ensure freedom of trade carried on by other participants in the markets, in India
  • Make the business sectors work for the advantage and government assistance of shoppers. 
  • Guarantee reasonable and sound rivalry in monetary exercises in the country for quicker and comprehensive development and improvement of the economy. 
  • Carry out rivalry strategies with an expectation to effectuate the most proficient usage of monetary assets. 
  • Create and sustain successful relations and associations with sectoral controllers to guarantee smooth arrangement of sectoral administrative laws coupled with the opposition law.

The major focus of the act 

  • Prohibition of anti-competitive agreements;
  • Prohibition against abuse of dominant position;
  • Regulation of combinations;
  • Advocacy of competition policy.

The authoritative objective behind this act is to address all roadblocks in propelling competition among forte units whether the private or outside root. The Competition Act, 2002 was sanctioned with a target to give better assurance of the interests of the Competition, to make arrangements for the foundation of CCI, and different experts for the settlement of purchaser debates. The Act applies to all merchandise and ventures except if explicitly excluded by the Central Government. 

  • It covers all the sectors – private, public, and cooperative.
  • The provisions of the Act are compensatory in nature.
  • It provides adjudicatory authorities, which are simple, speedy, and less expensive.
  • It also provides for Consumer Protection Councils at the National, State, and District levels.

Competition Commission of India

Competition Commission of India (CCI) is the Competitive regulatory of India. Competition Commission of India is the competition regulator in India. It is a statutory body of the Government of India liable for upholding The Competition Act, 2002 and advancing rivalry all through India, and forestalling exercises that have an appreciable adverse effect on competition in India. It was established on 14 October 2003. It became fully functional in May 2009 with Dhanendra Kumar as its first Chairman. The Commission comprises a Chairperson and not less than 2 and not more than 6 other members appointed by the Central Government. Ashok Kumar Gupta is the current Chairperson of the CCI. The members of the Competition Commission of India are:

  1. Dr. Sangeeta Verma
  2. Bhagwant Singh Bishnoi

Powers and functions of Competition Commission of India

  • In the highly technical and competitive reality were created and industrialized nations regularly attempt to control markets of the agricultural nations, the arrangement of the Competition Commission of India was basic to forestall such exchange. In the most oversimplified way, the essential part of the Competition Commission is to authorize the Competition Act, 2002. Part IV from Section 18 to Section 40 of the Competition Act, 2002 arrangements in detail with every one of these parts of the Commission. 
  • The Competition Commission has the ability to test into issue identifying with Anti-Competitive Agreements and Abuse of Dominant force in the Indian Markets. Article 19 and Section 26 to 28 arrangement with these issues in the Competition Act. Hostile to Competitive arrangement incorporate a consent to fix costs, balance out supply, tricky offering, and so forth Then again, maltreatment of predominance should be possible by savage valuing, ludicrous terms and conditions, section boundaries which antagonistically affect the buyers just as little makers attempting to enter the new business. 
  • A case identifying with the matter could be recorded by any gathering or by the data from the State and Central Government. Though taking up suo motu insight is inside the constraints of the force of the CCI. Segment 26 notices the technique of examination by the CCI. According to it, if the Commission makes out a by-all appearances case, the matter is additionally shipped off to the Director-General for the test. He/she at that point ready a report in conference with the complainant and the matter is then additionally taken by the commission and chosen appropriately. As per Section 33, it could likewise give a break request to limit the gathering from doing such demonstration. The DLF case is perhaps the most prestigious instance of CCI. The commission forced a fine against DLF for mishandling its strength and utilizing unreasonable exchange rehearsals.
  • In case the decision of any statutory authority is negating the Competition Act, it should make reference to the Commission. According to Section 32 of the Act, in the event that any understanding despite the fact that being made external to the area of the country, has impacts on India, the Commission will reserve the option to test into the matter. 
  • The Government could likewise take ideas from the commission. It assists the public authority with understanding the results of its different strategies on the opposition on the lookout, however, these ideas are not restricting on the execution of approaches.


Solid rivalry in the market is fundamental for the advancement and development of the economy. Despite the fact that the Indian economy has pushed ahead from the defensive position it had over homegrown businesses, yet hurtful exchange rehearsals like the formation of cartels and restraining infrastructures conflict with the public arrangement. It hurts the small makers as well as the overall population as now they need to consent to the silly terms and conditions forced by the tremendous parts on the lookout. The rich get more extravagant to the detriment of poor people, which conflicts with the objective of the value of the economy. A body like the Competition Commission of India is crucial for checking such practices.     

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