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This article has been written by Team LawSikho.

Haryana Judicial Services Exam 2020-21

Law Graduates who wish to become members of subordinate judiciary should write the entry-level exam which is the Judiciary exam or the PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination.
This exam is uniformly divided into 3 stages of Preliminary, Mains and Interview, across all States in India.
The State government under the supervision of respective High Courts appoints members of the subordinate judiciary.

Selection process is further dependent on yearly vacancies/number of seats.

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Judicial services offer several attractive features which include handsome perks and privileges inuding among others- rent-free accommodation, fuel allowances, subsidized electricity and water supplies, telephone allowances, and bursaries for children’s education.


Candidates willing to appear in the Haryana Judicial Services exam must note that they should verify whether they fulfill the eligibility criteria laid down by the exam authority or not. This should be done prior to the application process. Candidates failing to fulfill the eligibility criteria will be eliminated from the later stages of the selection process. Below given are the necessary eligibility criteria for the Haryana Judicial Services exam. 

  1. Candidates must be an Indian citizen.
  2. Candidates must be a graduate in law from a university established by law in Haryana or by another University of India recognized for this purpose by the Governor. 
  3. Candidate should not be less than 21 years and not more than 42 years.


Phase I Prelims

The Preliminary Examination will be of objective type with multiple-choice questions. The question paper for H.C.S (Judicial Branch) Preliminary Examination will be of two hours.

There will be 125 questions and each question will carry 4 marks, with negative marking – for every wrong answer 0.80 mark will be deducted.

There will, however, be no negative marking in respect of unattempted (un-answered) questions.

The objective type multiple-choice question for the Preliminary Examination will be from the same syllabus as indicated for the Main Examination (See the details below).

The candidate will be expected to have a general and basic overview of the main subjects and also the ability to answer questions on current events of national and international importance, Indian legal and constitutional history and governance. The candidate may also be tested for his analytical skills and aptitude.

The standard of the question paper will be of Law graduate level. I.e. the standard LLB syllabus that is prescribed in BCI approved law colleges across India. Any general, analytical or aptitude questions will of a level that can be answered by a well informed person at a graduate level.

The objective of the Preliminary Examination is to short list candidates for the Main Examination.

To be shortlisted for the main exam, a candidate has to secure a minimum of 150 marks (100 marks for all reserved category candidates) out of the total 500 marks in the Preliminary Examination. (I.e. The minimum eligibility marks will be 30% for general category and 20% for the reserved category students.)

Note : Candidates who qualify will have to fill-in the application forms for the main exam separately.

Phase II Mains Exam

The Main Exam will consist of five written papers with descriptive or narrative  / essay type questions.  Each written paper will be of three hours duration. The standard of the language paper will be that of the Matriculation Examination of the Board of School Education, Haryana. The  syllabus for each paper is as below :

Paper-1 – Civil Law-1 – 200 Marks

  • Code of Civil procedure, (also touching upon the Limitation act.)
  • Punjab Courts Act, (As applicable to Haryana)
  • Indian Contract Act,
  • Indian partnership Act,
  • Sale of Goods Act,
  • Specific Relief Act,
  • Indian Evidence Act,
  • Haryana Urban (control of rent and eviction) Act, 1973.

Paper-II – Civil Law-II– 200 Marks

  • Hindu Law (Marriage, Adoption, Inheritance & other personal, family laws)
  • Mohammedan Law and Customary Law, (Marriage, Adoption, Inheritance & other personal, family laws)
  • Law of Registration and Limitation.

Paper-III – Criminal Law – 200 Marks

  • Indian Penal Code, (IPC)
  • Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC)
  • Indian Evidence Act,

Paper-IV – English – 200 Marks

  • English Essay on a given topic (1000-1100 words) – 100 marks
  • Precis Writing- 25 marks
  • Words and Phrases (Making sentences with the given words and Phrases) – 25 marks
  • Comprehension – 25 marks
  • Corrections (Language, Sentence, Spelling corrections)- 25 marks

Paper-V – Language – Hindi (in Devnagri Script) 100 Marks

  • Translation of an English passage into Hindi : 20 Marks
  • Explanation of Hindi passage in prose and poetry in the same language : 30 Marks
  • Composition (essay), idioms and corrections : 50 Marks 

Note :

  • The Main Examination will be subjective/narrative type.
  • The Main Examination will be conducted in English Medium except for language paper.
  • Copy of Bare Acts of legislative enactments may be supplied. (Candidates cannot carry any material into the exam hall.)

No candidate will be called for the viva- voce unless he obtains at least fifty percent qualifying marks in the aggregate of all the written papers. However, for the candidate belonging to the scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes, Physically Handicapped and Ex-Serviceman candidates only (but not dependents of ESM) the qualifying marks for this purpose will be 45%.

Phase III

Viva Voce or Personality Interview

The purpose of the personal interview / viva-voce is to judge the personal qualities of the candidates. The viva-voce will relate to the matters of general interest and is intended to test the candidates’ alertness, intelligence and general outlook. it will be conducted in English.

The appearance in viva-voce is mandatory to be considered for the final selections.

Candidates will be eligible to be recruited as Civil Judges/Judicial Magistrates if they secure 50% or more marks (read 45% for the scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes, Physically Handicapped and Ex-Serviceman candidates only, but not dependents of ESM) in aggregate of the marks secured in the main written examination and the viva voce.

If you are interested in creating a foolproof strategy for your judiciary preparation, sign up for a judiciary preparation workshop that we are conducting on 14th December for more insights. 

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