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In this article, Jeanie Mohanty, of KIIT School of Law has described about the Law Commission of India and its various reports.

Introduction

Law Commission of India is an executive body. It is established through an order of the Government of India. Its core function is to reform laws, comprises of legal experts assigned by the government to take good care of the laws, and create maximum peace, security and justice in the society. It also acts as an advisory body to the Ministry of Law and Justice. The tenure of each Law Commission is five years.  

Current Law Commission of India, 2018; 21st Law Commission

Formation 10.03.2016
Type Agency of Government of India
Legal status Ad-hoc and term based
Purpose Legal reforms in India
Location New Delhi
Chairman Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan
Full- time member Justice Ravi R. Tripathy and S. Siva Kumar
Part-time members Satya Pal Jain, Bimal N. Patel and Abhay Bharadwaj

How does the commission function

The commission consists of many staff among whom around twelve staffs are researchers at a different rank with a different experience. A smaller section of the group looks after the administration of the Commission’s operation. The commission meetings take place frequently and that is where the projects are initiated. Different issues are discussed, among which few important topics are chosen to work on. The required work which is to be done is identified and assigned to each member and the sources of data are also identified. Basically, an outline is formed for the research work regarding how to work and proceed. The commission meeting not only help in identification and working on the issue for research but also gives a unanimous decision of all the members and makes the work process easy.

Once the paper is ready it is circulated among all the required and interested group of people to get their views and comments on the paper along with the paper a questionnaire is also circulated to survey the reaction of the people on the same issue. The Law Commission always try to reach a wider section of people including professionals, academic institutes, and others for consultation while preparing the proposal for law reform. Workshop and seminars are also conducted to collect the critic comments and opinions regarding the planned reform.

Once all the data are collected Commission’s staff evaluates and organises the data in a chronological way for a proper introduction in the report which is prepared by either the Member Secretary or any Member or the Chairman of the Commission. After this, the proposed report is put forward in the Commission’s meeting and observed closely. Once the report and its summary are finalised, the Commision may proceed to prepare a draft regarding amendment or a new bill which may be attached to the report and the final report is forwarded to the Government.

The success rate of the commission always depends on their data collection, public view, and criticism. That is why the Commission always looks up to a wider section where the media plays a very important role in this. The Commission also welcomes the inputs and opinions from public or any person which is sent to the Member-Secretary.

Follow up

The Ministry of Law reviews the Law Commission report with the consultation of the concerned Administrative Ministries then submit it in the Parliament time to time. The reports are referred in courts, education or academics, public discussions and the Government departments act upon it according to the Government recommendation.

Development of Law Commision of India

Reforming laws is a continuous process its been in practice for long decades. In ancient times the custom and practices were the only laws prevailing in the society, gradually the codification of laws started and then the sanctions against the law. Earlier there was no uniformity in law, nor there was any check on the fairness of the decision passed. Therefore the law commission was set up with a motive to serve maximum justice to people and deliver fair and just decisions and bring more awareness about the laws. The Law Commision was constituted in the third decade of the nineteenth century by the Government to codify the branches of law and empowered it to recommend legislative reforms.  

Pre-independence

The First Law commission pre-independence was set up in 1834 under the Charter Act, 1833. The chairman of the commission was Lord Macaulay, within a period of fifty years the Indian Statute Book was enriched with a vast variety of legislation which then prevailed in English law but according to India’s condition.

There were four Law commission in India during the British Raj by the British Government

Established

Chairman

Members

Reports

First Pre-Independence Law Commission

1834 Lord Macaulay
  1. J M Macleod
  2. G.W. Anderson
  3. F. Millet
  1. Penal Code (2 May 1837)
  2. Lex Loci (role and authority of English Law in India) – 31 October 1840

Second Pre-Independence Law Commission

1853 Sir John Romilly
  1. Sir Lord Jervis
  2. Sir Edward Ryan
  3. R. Lowe
  4. J.M. Macleod
  5. C.H. Cameron
  6. T.E. Ellis
  1. Code of Civil Procedure and Law of Limitation (1859)
  2. Penal Code (1860)
  3. Code of Criminal Procedure (1861)

Third Pre-Independence Law Commission

1861 Sir John Romilly Initially

  1. Sir Edward Ryan
  2. R. Lowe
  3. J.M. Macleod
  4. Sir W. Erle
  5. Justice Wills

Subsequently, Sir W. Erle and Justice succeed by Sir W.M. James and J. Henderson. Later J. Henderson was replaced by Justice Lush.

  1. A code for Succession and Inheritance for Indians other than Hindus and Muslims (1865)
  2. Draft Contract Law (1866)
  3. Draft Negotiable Instruments Law (1867)
  4. Draft Evidence Law (1868)
  5. Revision of Code of Criminal Procedure (1870)
  6. Draft Transfer of Property Law (1870)
  7. Draft Code on Insurance (1871)

Fourth Pre-Independence Law Commission

1879 Dr. Whitley Stokes
  1. Sir Charles Turner
  2. Raymond West
  1. Code of Negotiable Instruments (1881)
  2. Code on Trusts Law (1882)
  3. Code on Transfer of Property and Easements (1882)
  4. Revised Code of Criminal Procedure (1882)
  5. Revised Code of Civil Procedure (1882)

Post-independence

Post-independence, the Indian Constitution gave a new direction to law reform towards the need for a democratic legal order with its Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy in the society. According to Article 372, the pre-constitutional laws were to be followed until and unless they are repealed or amended. Though the parliament and others were already demanding Central Law Commission to revise and change the existing laws as per the changing society and the need of the country. The Government of India was in favour of the idea of setting up of such commission and it established the First Law Commission of India post independence in 1995, the Attorney-General of India then Mr. M.C.Setalvad became the Chairman of that Commission. Since then there have been total twenty-one Law Commissions in India post independence, each with a term of three years with different terms of reference.

Chairman
Report No.
Presented in
Title of Report

First Law Commission, 1955

Mr. M.C. Setalvad (First Attorney General of India) 1 1956 Liability of the State in Tort
2 1956 Parliamentary Legislation relating to Sales Tax
3 1956 Limitation Act, 1908
4 1956 On the proposal that High Courts should sit in Benches at different places in a State
5 1957 British Statutes Applicable to India
6 1957 Registration Act, 1908
7 1957 Partnership Act, 1932
8 1958 Sale of Goods Act, 1930
9 1958 Specific Relief Act, 1877
10 1958 Law of Acquisition and Requisitioning of Law
11 1958 Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
12 1958 Income Tax Act, 1922
13 1958 Contract Act, 1872
14 1958 Reform of Judicial Administration

Second Law Commission, 1958

Justice T.V. Venkatarama Aiyar 15 1960 Law relating to Marriage and Divorce amongst Christians in India
16 1960 Official Trustees Act, 1913
17 1961 Report on Trusts Act, 1882
18 1961 Converts’ Marriage Dissolution Act, 1866
19 1961 The Administrator-General’s Act, 1913
20 1961 The Law of Hire-Purchase
21 1961 Marine Insurance
22 1961 Christian Marriage and Matrimonial Causes Bill,1961

Third Law Commission, 1961

Justice J.L. Kapur 23 1962 Law of Foreign Marriages
24 1962 The Commission of Inquiry Act, 1952
25 1963 Evidence of Officers about forged stamps, currency notes, etc. Section 509-A Cr.P.C. as proposed
26 1964 Insolvency Laws
27 1964 The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
28 1964 The Indian Oaths Act, 1873

Fourth Law Commission, 1964

Justice J.L. Kapur 29 1967 Proposal to include certain Social and Economic Offences in the Indian Penal Code, 1860
30 1967 Section 5 of the Central Sales Tax Act, 1956, taxation by the States in the course of import
31 1967 Section 30(2) of the Indian Registration Act, 1908 – Extension to Delhi
32 1967 Section 9 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
33 1967 Section 44 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
34 1967 Indian Registration Act, 1908
35 1967 Capital Punishment
36 1967 Section 497, 498 and 499 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
37 1967 The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
38 1968 Indian Post Office Act, 1898

Fifth Law Commission, 1968

Mr. K.V.K. Sundaram 39 1968 Punishment for imprisonment for life under the Indian Penal Code
40 1969 Law relating to attendance of Prisoners in Courts
41 1969 The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
42 1971 Indian Penal Code
43 1971 Offences against the National Security
44 1971 The Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in Civil Matters

Sixth Law Commission, 1971

Justice P.B. Gajendragadkar 45 1971 Civil Appeals to the Supreme Court on a Certificate of Fitness
46 1971 The Constitution (Twenty-Fifth Amendment) Bill, 1971
47 1972 The trial and punishment of Social and Economic Offences
48 1972 Some questions under the Code of Criminal Procedure Bill, 1970
49 1972 The proposal for inclusion of agricultural income in the total income
50 1972 The proposal to include persons connected with the Public examination within the definition of ‘Public Servant’
51 1972 Compensation of injuries caused by automobiles in hit-and-run cases
52 1972 Estate duty on property acquired after death
53 1972 Effect of the Pensions Act, 1871 on the right to sue for pensions of retired members of public service
54 1973 The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
55 1973 Rate of Interest after decree and interest on costs under Section 34 and 35 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908  
56 1973 Statutory Provision as to the Notice of Suit other than Section 80, Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
57 1973 Benami Transactions
58 1974 Stature and Jurisdiction of the Higher Judiciary
59 1974 Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 and Special Marriage Act, 1954
60 1974 The General Clauses Act, 1897
61 1974 Certain problems with the power of the States to levy a tax on the sale of goods

Seventh Law commission, 1974

Justice P.B. Gajendragadkar 62 1974 Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
63 1975 The Interest Act, 1839
64 1975 The Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956
65 1976 Recognition of Foreign Divorces
66 1976 Married Women’s Property Act, 1874
67 1977 The Indian Stamp Act, 1899
68 1977 The Power of Attorney Act, 1882
69 1977 The Indian Evidence Act, 1872
70 1977 The Transfer of Property Act, 1882

Eighth Law Commission, 1977

Justice H.R. Khanna 71 1978 Irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for divorce
72 1978 Restriction on practice after being a permanent judge
73 1978 Criminal liability for failure by the husband to pay maintenance or permanent alimony granted to the wife
74 1978 Proposal to amend the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 so as to render Admissible certain statements made by witnesses before Commissions of Inquiry and other Statutory Authorities
75 1978 Disciplinary jurisdiction under the Advocates Act, 1961
76 1979 Arbitration Act, 1940
77 1979 Delay and arrears in trial courts
78 1979 Congestion of under trial persons in jails
79 1979 Delays and arrears in High Courts and other Appellate Courts
80 1979 Method of Appointment of Judges

Ninth Law Commission,1979

Justice P.V. Dixit 81 1979 Hindu Widows Remarriage Act, 1856
82 1980 Effect of nomination under Section 39, Insurance Act, 1938
83 1980 The Guardian and Wards Act, 1890
84 1980 Rape and allied offences-some questions of substantive law, procedure, and evidence
85 1980 Claims for compensation under Chapter 8 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939
86 1980 The Partition Act, 1893
87 1980 Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920

Tenth Law Commission, 1981

Justice K.K. Mathew 88 1983 Governmental Privileges in Evidence
89 1983 The Limitation Act, 1963
90 1983 The Grounds for Divorce amongst Christians in India
91 1983 Dowry deaths and law reform
92 1983 Damages in applications for Judicial Review Recommendations for legislation
93 1983 Disclosures of sources of information by mass media
94 1983 Evidence obtained illegally or improperly
95 1984 Constitutional Division within Supreme Court
96 1984 Repeal of certain obsolete Central Acts
97 1984 Section 28 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872: prescriptive clauses in contracts
98 1984 Sections 24 to 26 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
99 1984 Oral and written arguments in the Higher courts
100 1984 Litigation by and against the Government
101 1984 Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19 of the Constitution
102 1984 Section 122(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
103 1984 Unfair Terms in contracts
104 1984 The Judicial Officers’ Protection Act, 1850
105 1984 Quality control and inspection of consumer goods
106 1984 Section 103A, Motor Vehicles Act, 1939
107 1984 Law of Citizenship
108 1984 Promissory Estoppel
109 1985 Obscene and Indecent Advertisements and Displays
110 1985 Indian Succession Act, 1925
111 1985 Fatal Accidents Act, 1855
112 1985 Section 45 of the Insurance Act, 1938
113 1985 Injuries in Police Custody

Eleventh Law commission, 1985

Justice D.A. Desai 114 1986 Gram Nyayalaya
115 1986 Tax Courts
116 1986 Formation of an All India Judicial Service
117 1986 Training of Judicial Officers
118 1986 Method of appointment to subordinate courts
119 1987 Access to Exclusive Forum for victims of motor accidents
120 1987 Manpower planning in Judiciary
121 1987 A new forum for Judicial Appointments
122 1987 Forum for National uniformity in Labour Adjudication
123 1988 Decentralization in Administration of Justice
124 1988 The High Court Arrears – A fresh look
125 1988 The Supreme Court – A fresh look
126 1988 Government and Public Sector Undertaking Litigation policy and Strategies
127 1988 Resource Allocation for Infra-Structural Services in Judicial Administration
128 1988 Cost of Litigation
129 1988 Urban Litigation – Mediation as alternative to Litigation
130 1988 Benami Transactions : A continuum
131 1988 Role of legal profession in Administration of Justice

Twelfth Law Commission, 1988

Justice M.P. Thakkar 132 1989 Need for Amendment of the Provisions of the Chapter IX of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 in order to ameliorate the hardship and mitigate the distress of Neglected Women, Children and Parents
133 1989 Removal of discrimination against Women in matters relating to Guardianship and Custody of Minor Children and Elaboration of the Welfare Principle
134 1989 Removing Deficiencies in certain provisions of the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
135 1989 Women in Custody
136 1990 Conflicts in High Court decisions on Central Laws – How to foreclose and how to resolve
137 1990 Need for creating office of Ombudsman
138 1990 Legislative Protection for Slum and Pavement Dwellers
139 1991 Urgent need to amend Order XXI, Rule 92(2),  Civil Procedure Code, 1908
140 1991 Need to amend Order V, Rule 19A of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908
141 1991 Need for amending the laws as regards power of courts to resolve criminal revisional applications and criminal cases dismissed for default in appearance
142 1991 Confessional treatment for offenders who on their own initiative choose to plead guilty without any bargaining
143 1991 Legislative safeguards for protecting the small depositors from exploitation

Thirteenth Law Commission, 1991

Justice K.N. Singh 144 1992 Conflicting Judicial decisions pertaining to the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
145 1992 Article 12 of the Constitution and Public Sector Undertakings
146 1993 Sale of Women and Children: Proposed Section 373-A, Indian Penal Code
147 1993 The Specific Relief Act, 1963
148 1993 Repeal of Certain pre-1947 Central Acts
149 1994 Removal of certain deficiencies in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 (Act No. 59 of 1988)
150 1994 Suggesting some Amendments to the Code of Civil Procedure (Act No. V of 1908)
151 1994 Admiralty Jurisdiction
152 1994 Custodial Crimes
153 1994 Inter-Country Adoption

Fourteenth Law Commission, 1995

Justice K. Jayachandra Reddy 154 1996 The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Act No. 2 of 1974)
155 1997 The Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985(Act No. 61 of 1985)
156 1997 The Indian Penal Code

Fifteenth Law Commission, 1997

Justice B.P. Jeevan Reddy 157 1998 Section 52:Transfer of Property Act, 1882 and its Amendment
158 1998 The Amendment of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951
159 1998 Repeal and Amendment of Laws: Part I
160 1998 Amendment to the All India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987 (Act No. 52 of 1987)
161 1998 Central Vigilance Commission and Allied Bodies
162 1998 Review of functioning of Central Administrative Tribunal, Customs, Excise and Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal and Income-Tax Appellate Tribunal
163 1998 The Code of Civil Procedure (Amendment) Bill, 1997
164 1998 The Indian Divorce Act, 1869 (Act IV of 1869)
165 1998 Free and Compulsory Education for Children
166 1999 The Corrupt Public Servants (forfeiture of property) Bill
167 1999 The Patents (Amendment) Bill, 1998
168 1999 The Hire-Purchase Act,1972
169 1999 Amendment of Army, Navy and Air Force Act
170 1999 Reform of Electoral Laws
171 2000 The Biodiversity Bill, 2000
172 2000 Review of Rape Laws
173 2000 Prevention of Terrorism Bill, 2000
174 2000 Property Rights of Women: Proposed Reforms Under the Hindu Law

Sixteenth Law Commission, 2000

Justice B.P. Jeevan Reddy 175 2000 The Foreigners (Amendment) Bill, 2000
176 2001 The Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2002
177 2001 Law Relating to Arrest
178 2001 Recommendations for amending various enactments, both civil and criminal
179 2001 Public Interest Disclosure and Protection of Informers
180 2002 Article 20 (3) of the Constitution of India and Right to Silence
181 2002 Amendment to Section 106 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882
182 2002 Amendment of Section 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894
183 2002 A Continuum on the General Clauses Act, 1897 with special reference to the admissibility and codification of external aids to interpretation of statutes
184 2002 Legal Education & Professional Training and Proposals for amendments to the Advocates Act, 1961 and the University Grants Commission Act, 1956
185 2003 Review of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872

Seventeenth Law Commission, 2003

Justice M. Jagannadha Rao 186 2003 Proposal to Constitute Environment Courts
187 2003 Mode of Execution of Death Sentence and Incidental Matters
188 2003 The Proposals for Constitution of Hi-Tech Fast – Track Commercial Divisions in High Courts
189 2004 Revision of Court Fees Structure
190 2004 The Revision of the Insurance Act, 1938 and the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999
191 2004 Regulation of Funds collected for Calamity Relief.
192 2005 Prevention of vexatious Litigation
193 2005 Transnational Litigation, Conflict of Laws, Law of Limitation
194 2005 Verification of Stamp Duties and Registration of Arbitral Awards
195 2006 The Judges (Inquiry) Bill, 2005
196 2006 Medical Treatment to Terminally Ill Patients (Protection of Patients and Medical Practitioners)
197 2006 Public Prosecutor’s Appointments
198 2006 Witness Identity Protection and Witness Protection Programmes
199 2006 Unfair (Procedural and Substantive) Terms in Contracts
200 2006 Trial by Media : Free Speech Vs. Fair Trial Under Criminal Procedure (Amendments to the Contempt of Court Act, 1971)
201 2006 Medical Treatment after Accidents and During Emergency Medical Condition and Women in Labour

Eighteenth Law Commission, 2006

Justice M. Jagannadha Rao

(1st September, 2006 – 28th May 2007)

Justice A.R. Lakshmanan

(28th May 2007 – 31st August, 2009)

202 2007 Proposal to Amend Section 304-B of the Indian Penal Code
203 2007 Section 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 as Amended by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2005 (Anticipatory Bail)
204 2008 Proposal to Amend the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 as amended by Act 39 of 2005
205 2008 Proposal to Amend the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 and other allied Laws
206 2008 Proposal for the enactment of new Coroners Act applicable to the whole of India
207 2008 Proposal to amend Section 15 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 in case a female dies intestate leaving herself acquired property with no heirs
208 2008 Proposal for the amendment of explanation to Section 6 of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956 to include oral partition and family arrangement on the definition of ‘partition’
209 2008 Proposal for the omission of Section 213 from the Indian Succession Act, 1925
210 2008 Humanization and Decriminalization of Attempt to Suicide
211 2008 Laws on Registration of Marriages and Divorce – A proposal for Consolidation and Reform
212 2008 Laws of Civil Marriage in India – A proposal to Resolve Certain Conflicts
213 2008 Fast Track Magisterial Courts for Dishonoured Cheque Cases
214 2008 Proposal for reconsideration of Judges Case I, II and III – S P Gupta Vs, UOI
215 2008 L. Chandra Kumar be revisited by Larger Bench of Supreme Court
216 2008 Non-Feasibility of the introduction of Hindi as the compulsory language in the Supreme Court of India
217 2009 Irretrievable Breakdown of Marriage – Another Ground for Divorce
218 2009 Need to accede to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (1980)
219 2009 Need for Family Law Legislations for Non-resident Indians
220 2009 Need to fix Maximum Chargeable Court-fees in Subordinate Civil Courts
221 2009 Need for Speedy Justice – Some Suggestions
222 2009 Need for Justice-dispensation through ADR etc.
223 2009 Need for Ameliorating the lot of the Have-nots – Supreme Court’s judgments
224 2009 Amendment of Section 2 of the Divorce Act 1869 Enabling Non-domiciled Estranged Christian Wives to seek Divorce.
225 2009 Amendment of Sections 7, 7A, and 7B of Industrial Disputes Act 1947 Making Advocates Eligible to man Labour Courts and Industrial Tribunals.
226 2009 The Inclusion of Acid Attacks as Specific Offences in the Indian Penal Code and a Law for Compensation for Victims of Crime.
227 2009 Preventing Bigamy via Conversion to Islam – A Proposal for giving Statutory Effect to Supreme Court Rulings
228 2009 Need For Legislation to Regulate Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinics as Well as Rights and Obligations of Parties to a Surrogacy
229 2009 Need for the division of the Supreme Court into a Constitution Bench at Delhi and Cassation Benches in four regions at Delhi, Chennai/ Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai
230 2009 Reforms in the Judiciary – Some suggestions
231 2009 Amendments in Indian Stamp Act 1899 And Court-Fees Act 1870 Permitting Different Modes of Payment
232 2009 Retirement Age of Chairpersons and Members of Tribunals – Need for Uniformity
233 2009 Amendment of Code of Criminal Procedure Enabling Restoration of Complaints
234 2009 Legal Reforms to Combat Road Accidents

Nineteenth Law Commission, 2009

Justice P.V. Reddi 235 2010 Conversion/reconversion to another religion – mode of proof
236 2010 Court-fees in Supreme Court vis-à-vis Corporate Litigation
237 2011 Compounding of (IPC) offences
238 2011 Amendment of Section 89 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and Allied provisions
239 2012 Expeditious Investigation and Trial of Criminal Cases Against 2012 Influential Public Personalities
240 2012 Costs in Civil Litigation
241 2012 Passive Euthanasia – A Relook
242 2012 Prevention of Interference with the freedom of Matrimonial Alliances 2012 (in the name of Honour and Tradition ): A suggested legal framework
243 2012 Section 498 A, IPC

Twentieth Law Commission, 2013

Justice D.K. Jain

(January, 2013 – October, 2013)

Justice A.P. Shah

(November, 2013 – August, 2015)

244 2014 Electoral Disqualifications
245 2014 Arrears and Backlog: Creating Additional Judicial (wo) manpower
246 2014 Amendments to the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996
247 2014 Sections 41 to 48 of the Indian Succession Act,1925 – Proposed Reforms
248 2014 Obsolete Laws: Warranting Immediate Repeal (Interim Report)
249 2014 Obsolete Laws: Warranting Immediate Repeal (Second Interim Report)
250 2014 Obsolete Laws: Warranting Immediate Repeal (Third Interim Report)
251 2014 Obsolete Laws: Warranting Immediate Repeal (Fourth Interim Report)
252 2015 Right of the Hindu Wife to Maintenance: A relook at Section 18 of the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act, 1956
253 2015 Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts and Commercial Courts Bill, 2015
254 2015 The Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2013
255 2015 Electoral Reforms
256 2015 Eliminating Discrimination Against Persons Affected by Leprosy
257 2015 Reforms in Guardianship and Custody Laws in India
258 2015 Prevention of Bribery of Foreign Public Officials and Officials of Public International Organisations – A Study and Proposed Amendments
259 2015 Early Childhood Development and Legal Entitlement
260 2015 Analysis of the 2015 Draft Model Indian Bilateral Investment Treaty
261 2015 Need to Regulate Pet Shops and Dog and Aquarium Fish Breeding
262 2015 The Death Penalty

Twenty-First Law Commission, 2015

Justice Balbir Singh Chauhan 263 2016 The Protection of Children (Inter-Country Removal and Retention) Bill
264 2017 The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill (Provisions dealing with Food Adulteration)
265 2017 Prospects of Exempting Income arising out of Maintenance Money of ‘Minor’
266 2017 The Advocates Act, 1961 (Regulation of Legal Profession)
267 2017 Hate Speech
268 2017 Amendments to Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 – Provisions Relating to Bail
269 2017 Housekeeping of Egg-Laying Hens
270 2017 Compulsory Registration of Marriages
271 2017 Human DNA profiling
272 2017 Assessment of Statutory Frameworks of Tribunals in India
273 2017 Implementation of United Nations Convention against Torture
274 2018 Review of the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971
275 2018 Legal Framework: BCCI vis-a-vis Right to Information Act, 2005

To view all the reports of Law Commission of India click here

The terms of reference of the Twenty-first Law Commission

1. Review or Repeal of absolute laws

  1. Identify repeal the laws which are no more in need or relevant.
  2. Identify the laws and the need to change them which are not in sync with the current economic condition and liberalisation.
  3. Identify laws which require change or amendment and make a suggestion for the same
  4. Consider the recommendation for revision or amendments by the experts in a wider sense with a view of coordination and harmonisation.
  5. Consider the references made by the Ministries, Departments through the Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of law and justice in respect of legislation working on more than one Ministry or Department.
  6. Suggest quick remedies to serve justice to the citizens through law.

  2. Law and Poverty

  1. Identify the laws which are affecting the poor section in the society and conduct a post audit for socio-economic legislation.
  2. All necessary requirement and support must be taken to ensure that legal service is provided to the poor.

3. Keep under review the administration of justice to make sure that justice is delivered on time and it is secured;

  1. Eliminate delays, faster clearance of errors, reduce the cost of the procedure and make it economical but without infringing the basic principle that the decision should be just and fair.
  2. Simplify the procedure and eliminate the complexity that becomes a hindrance to achieving justice.
  3. Improve the standard of the justice administration.
  4.  Examine the present laws in the light of Directive Principles of State Policy, suggest the ways to improve, reform and suggest legislation if necessary to implement the Directive Principles and attain the objectives as per the Preamble to the Constitution.
  5. Examine the present laws in the view to promote gender equality and suggest amendments for the same.
  6. Revise the Central Acts of general importance to simplify them, and remove the deviations from the standard, inequality and conflicts.
  7. Recommend the Government to up-to-date the statute book, by repealing the laws, enactments or part thereof which are not in use and have been exhausted.
  8. Observe deliberately and convey the Government about its opinion regarding any law and judicial administration that may be particularly referred to it by the Government through the Department of Legal Affairs (Ministry of Law and Justice).
  9. Requests for providing research to any foreign country as referred by the Government through the Department of Legal Affairs (Ministry of Law and Justice) should be considered.
  10. Impact of globalization on food security and unemployment to be examined also suggest measures to protect the interest of the discriminated group of people.   

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