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This article is written by Raslin Saluja, from KIIT School of Law, Bhubaneswar. This article attempts to collate all the information regarding the top government jobs that LLB graduates can appear.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Degree of law offers a very promising scope with a huge range of options that a law graduate could pursue. There are various respectable and uncommon examinations that a law student can apply for and make a career in. Contrary to popular belief, the career options are not restricted to just barristers and solicitors. It is now no longer limited to litigation and corporate and also extends to government sectors. Having a government job is a dream for many law students as it not only provides financial security but also ensures respect and prestige in society. The most popular government exams after LLB is the judicial services examination, which is conducted by the state public service commissions of almost all states. Apart from judicial services examinations, most government organizations have established their legal departments to handle their cases related to legal matters. The Reserve Bank of India, State Bank of India, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, Security and Exchange Board of India are some of the examples of the government organisations that recruit LLB graduates.

Types of Government Sector jobs

The Government Sector provides the maximum number of law jobs for law graduates, eligible advocates and LLB candidates. The Government Sectors providing law jobs are:

Jobs roles in government sector

  •  Legal assistants;
  •  Legal officer;
  •  Legal advisor;
  •  Legal professors;
  •  Insurance law officer;
  •  Judicial services;
  •  District judge;
  •  High Court judge;
  •  Junior consultant (legal);
  •  Young professional (legal);
  •  Manager level – legal posts;

Under judicial services

Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination or commonly known as judicial services examination the entry points for law graduates. These are conducted by the state governments under the supervision of the respective High Courts.

Post & description

At the lower judiciary level, one can be selected as a civil judge whereas at the higher judiciary level one can become an additional district judge. Judges are responsible for performing various tasks both inside and outside the premises of the courtroom. Their duty inside the courtroom are as follows:

  • Hearing the accusations of both the parties, prosecution and defence.
  • Listening to the testimony of a witness.
  • Giving ruling on the evidence’s admissibility.
  • Informing defendants of their rights.
  • Questioning the witnesses.
  • Rule on motions presented by counsel.
  • Determine the guilt or innocence of criminal defendants and impose sentences on defendants found guilty in criminal cases.
  • Determine liability or damages in a civil case.

Eligibility & qualification

  • The judicial service examinations are taken at 2 levels:  the lower judiciary level and the higher judiciary level. 
  • The candidate must possess a degree of L.L.B and be enrolled as an advocate under the Advocates Act, 1961. However, an additional seven years of experience is required to be eligible to appear for the higher judiciary exams. 
  • The age limit is usually between 21 years to 35 years and may vary from State to State with some benefit of age relaxation for the candidates in the reserved category.

Paper pattern & criteria

The examination is taken in three stages including subjects of civil law and criminal law along with a language paper.

  • Preliminary examination – After qualifying in the preliminary examination, a candidate is allowed to appear for the subsequent exam. It has multiple-choice questions (MCQs) which are objective in nature. However, for final selection, the marks secured in the preliminary examination are not counted.
  • Mains examination – The mains examination which is the second exam is a subjective type. It has three to four papers. For final selection, the marks secured in this exam is considered. 
  • Viva-voce/personal interview – The last stage of selection is the interview where candidates are assessed on general interest, personality, and intelligence among other factors.
  • There are certain compulsory and optional papers that vary from state to state and one has to prepare accordingly. A brief overview of the same is given at https://www.toprankers.com/judiciary-exam-pattern .

Salary & allowances

The entry level basic salary of a judicial officer varies from State to State usually ranging from INR 30,000 to INR 50,000 per month along with other allowances as sanctioned by the Government which includes house rent allowance, medical allowance, refreshment allowance and dearness allowance. Other perks include paid holidays, government accommodation, transport facility, permanent house help, medical facilities, leave and travel concession, health insurance, child safety etc. It is also one of those few government jobs which still offer after-retirement pensions.

Under the public sector companies

The Government of India or state or corporations own the public sector undertakings (PSU) which offer massive job opportunities as the Union Government owns more than 50% of the shares of the same, either by the Centre of the State. Few PSUs conduct their own exams for the selection of law officers and others like ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) and POWERGRID (Power Grid Corporation of India Limited). These companies hire their law officers on the basis of marks scored in CLAT-PG. The candidates are required to apply individually for specific positions in the PSU.

Post & description

There is no fixed recruitment policy at PSUs and its hiring solely depends on the vacancies available in a particular year. Almost all PSUs need graduates from various fields to carry out daily operations who are appointed to executive posts. As a fresh recruit one generally starts as a trainee and undergoes paid professional training for a short period of around 6 months – 1 year.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualifications are:

  • LL.B degree;
  • Selection based on CLAT score and private exams.

Paper pattern & criteria

The paper pattern is as follows:

  • The comprehension-based question in CLAT PG comprising of 100 MCQs from subjects like Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Contract law, etc.
  • The descriptive portion of the exam will have essay-type questions of 10 marks and 2 essays will be given to the aspirants.

Under the Ministry of Law and Justice and the Ministry of Defence

JAG (Judge Advocate General)

Post & description

The post is the legal branch of the Indian Army. JAG officers provide holistic legal aid services to the military, specifically giving advice to the presiding officers of courts-martial on military law. JAG officers conduct all legal procedures from framing drafts to appearing at courts and military tribunals. They deal with cases and litigation of military-related discipline and provide legal assistance to the army in matters related to human rights.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is:

  • The candidate must either be an Indian citizen or a subject of Nepal.
  • Any person who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia, and Vietnam who is of Indian origin and intends to permanently settle in India, who holds a certificate of eligibility in his favour, issued by the government of India.
  • Applicants should be unmarried males and unmarried females have a minimum of 55% aggregate marks in LLB Degree which should be from a recognized college/university under the Bar Council of India.
  • Applicants should be eligible for registration as an advocates with the Bar Council of India/State.
  • The age limit is 21 to 27 years in the current year (not born earlier than 2nd July 1994 and not later than 1st July 2000, including both dates).

Paper pattern & criteria

The paper pattern is:

  • Stage I: Officer intelligence rating (OIR) Test, picture perception & description test (PP&DT), and narration & group discussion.
  • Stage II: Psychological test including thematic apperception test (TAT), word association test (WAT), situation reaction test (SRT) and self-description test (SDT). This is followed by a ground testing officer (GTO test) and a personal interview.
  • After the candidates clear the two-stage selection procedure, they will be called for a Service Selection Board (SSB) interview whose duration is five days. Those who qualify in the interview will undergo a medical test and then the final selection is made based on the merit list.

Salary & allowances

At the lieutenant level the salary is Rs 1056,100 – 1,77,500 (entry-level). Their promotion criteria are as follows: lieutenant on commission then captain on completion of 2 years. After the completion of 6 years, they are promoted to major and then as an lt colonel on completion of 13 years, followed by a colonel (TS) on completion of 26 years and colonel on selection basis subject to fulfillment of necessary service conditions.

Under the Government Universities/Colleges – National Law Universities

CLAT-PG

The Common Law Admissions Test for Post Graduate is a centralized entrance exam conducted yearly for law graduates seeking admission in 22 National Law Universities for admission to LLM programmes in India. Candidates often appear for this exam to secure government jobs in the top public sector undertakings (PSUs) such as Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Indian Oil Corporation (IOCL), National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC), and ONGC. The public sector units recruit their officers based on the ranks of this examination which is followed by an extensive interview.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is:

  • Candidates must have a 3-year LLB degree or a 3-year integrated LLB degree or an equivalent LLB degree from a recognized university.
  • The candidate under the general/ OBC/ SAP category must have a minimum of 55% aggregate marks, and 50% for SC/ST.
  • There is no upper age limit to apply for the CLAT PG exam.
  • The candidate must be an Indian citizen of India and the NRI students are also eligible to apply.

Paper pattern & criteria

The paper pattern is:

  • The paper is divided into two parts. It has objective-type questions carrying 100 marks in the first section with every wrong answer getting a negative marking of 0.25 marks. The second section is descriptive in nature which includes writing 2 essays each of 800 words for 25 marks.
  • The paper is based on the mandatory subjects of the undergraduate program and includes Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.

UGC NET

The University Grants Commission organizes the National Eligibility Test is conducted twice every year by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for the selection of eligible candidates for the post of Assistant Professor for colleges/universities level lectureship and Junior Research Fellowship (JRF). Candidates who clear this exam are also eligible for  PSUs.

Post & description

It is for those who want to pursue their careers as lecturers or researchers.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is:

  • A person must hold a Master’s degree or any other equivalent degree with a minimum of at least 55% marks from a recognised UGC universities/institutions in humanities (including languages) and social science, computer science & applications, electronic science etc. are eligible to apply. The candidates from Other Backward Classes (OBC) belonging to non-creamy layer/Scheduled Caste(SC)/Scheduled Tribe(ST)/persons with disability (PwD) category candidates are to be entitled to relaxation 5% marks ineligibility.
  • The post of assistant professor has no upper age limit. 
  • The upper age limit for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) is fixed at 30 years as of 01-06-2020, (age relaxation up to 5 years to candidates belonging to OBC) and 3 years of relaxation in age to candidates pursuing LLM.
  • RF awardees will be eligible to pursue research in their postgraduate subject from IIT’s or other national organisations. Such candidates are also eligible for the post of assistant professor in colleges/universities of India. The award of ‘Junior Research Fellowship and eligibility for assistant professor both’ or eligibility for assistant professor only depends on the performance of the candidate in both the papers of UGC-NET in aggregate.

Paper pattern & criteria

UGC NET comprises of 2 papers – paper 1 and paper 2

  • Paper-I consists of topics under teaching aptitude, research aptitude, reading comprehension, communication, reasoning (including maths), logical reasoning, data interpretation, information & communication technology, people & environment, higher education system including governance, polity and administration for 100 marks. Each correct answer will award you 2 marks. There will be no negative marking in the exam.
  • Paper-II is based upon the subject chosen by the aspirant for 200 marks.

Salary & allowances 

UGC Norms for Assistant Professor Salary in Government Universities range from Rs. 55,000 – Rs. 1,05,000 per month. The fixed pay scale also includes basic pay, DA, HRA, LTA etc. The stipend of a JRF selected through CSIR-UGC National Eligibility Test (NET) will be Rs. 25,000/- per month for the first two years. In addition, an annual contingency grant of Rs. 20,000/- per fellow will be provided to the university/ institution.

Supreme Court Law Clerk/ Research assistant

The judicial clerkship exam is organised by the registry of the Supreme Court of India. This opportunity provides the first-hand experience to a candidate aspiring to be either a part of the bench or litigation in the future. It is a full-time job entirely contractual in nature. 

Post & description

After joining as an assistant law clerk in the Supreme Court of India, candidates are exposed to wide judicial knowledge. It enhances the knowledge of the law aspirants once they are done with the recruitment process. It gives an insight and an opportunity of learning and understanding both the bar and bench in a single period which will contribute to the judgments by giving opinions that matters a lot in today’s competitive world. A Supreme Court Law Clerk has the following duties:

  • To prepare a summary of fresh admission matters.
  • To prepare a synopsis of regular hearing matters.
  • Sitting in the court during a hearing and taking notes of all the arguments.
  • To perform research work to assist the Hon’ble Judge in the preparation of the draft.
  • To prepare speeches and academic papers.
  • To prepare case briefs and oral brief’s
  • Proof-reading.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is:

  • The candidate must be a graduate of law (as on the date of appearing at interview) having an L.L.B degree (including Integrated Degree Course in Law) from any school/college/university/institution established by law in India and recognized by the Bar Council of India for enrolment as an Advocate.
  • Candidates studying in the fifth year of the Five-Year Integrated Law Course will also be eligible to apply subject to furnishing proof of acquiring Law qualification at the time of interview/before taking up the assignment as Law Clerk-cum-Research Assistant.
  • The candidates are required to have prior knowledge of computers including conducting research methods on various search engines/processes such as Manupatra, SCC Online, LexisNexis, Westlaw, etc.
  • The age limit for the candidates ranges between 18 years to 27 years as of the last date of receipt of applications.

Paper pattern & criteria

The selection process takes place in two parts:

  • Written Exam – This exam is divided further into two sections: (i) General Knowledge & English (ii) Law.
  • Interview – Only the candidates qualified in the written exam are called in for an interview which is conducted by a three-panel member consisting of Hon’ble Judges of the Supreme Court.

Salary

A fixed consolidated stipend of Rs. 65,000/- per month initially during the assignment session commencing from 01.07.2021 till the closure of the court for Summer Vacation, 2022.

Under the public sector banks

The Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) Law Officer exam

The exam is held for the selection of various kinds of officers in the public sector banks, State Bank of India (SBI), Associate Banks of SBI, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), Life Insurance Companies (LIC) & Insurance companies, and other regular member banks of the IBPS society. Different exams are conducted for different posts and positions in the departments such as IBPS SO exam for Specialist Officers, IBPS Law Officer Exam, and IBPS PO Exam for Probationary Officers, and IBPS RRB Exam for Officers and office assistants in Regional Rural Banks.

IBPS PO – This exam is conducted to recruit PO for 15 public sector banks in India.   

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is:

  • An Indian citizen or a citizen of Nepal or Bhutan or Tibetan refugees who have come to India to seek a settlement before January 1, 1962.
  • A person who has migrated from either Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Zaire, or Zambia with the intention of permanent settlement in India and if of Indian origin.
  • Those candidates with a graduation degree with their age falling between the range of 20 to 30 years can apply for the IBPS PO.
  • The candidate must have a Graduation Degree or any Degree equivalent to Graduation for a university that has been recognized by the State/Central Government of India. Candidates must be enrolled with the Bar Council as an Advocate.

Paper pattern & criteria

The process of recruitment is a three step procedure including preliminary exam, main exam, and interview process.

  • IBPS PO preliminary has 100 marks of objective type question paper on English, quantitative aptitude, and reasoning ability.
  • IBPS PO main has both objective and descriptive papers. After the objective paper is qualified, only then the descriptive paper is examined. The subjects are English language, data analysis and interpretation, general economy or banking awareness, reasoning and computer aptitude and letter writing an essay,
  • The candidate who has qualified for the mains is called for an interview. The minimum qualifying mark is 40%. The SC/SC/OBC/PwD candidates get a relaxation.

Salary & allowances

For new joiners the basic pay is Rs. 23,700, after 7 years it is Rs 30560, after 2 more years it is Rs.32850 and after 7 more years, it is Rs.42020. There are several allowances other than basic salary which includes dearness allowance, house rent allowance, special allowance, and city compensatory allowance. Other perks involve leased accommodation provided by the bank as per the location. In such cases, the HRA is not provided. The amount goes directly to the owner of the accommodation. Traveling allowance, otherwise, the expenses on petrol are reimbursed, medical allowances, newspaper reimbursement, new pension scheme.

IBPS SO Law officer (Scale–I)

This opportunity is for candidates who want to work as law officers in a bank. Law officers provide legal advice as well as deal with various legal issues associated with the bank. They ensure all rules are followed, legal documents are prepared, initial drafts of legislation administered/to be administered by the bank are prepared. The eligibility and qualification criteria are the same as above. 

Paper pattern & criteria

For prelims objective questions of 125 marks and duration, 120 minutes are on subjects of English language, reasoning and general awareness with special reference to the banking industry. It is followed by mains which include major sections from law and acts with direct and indirect implication on the banking sector like Contract Acts, Partnerships, Companies, Firm, Constitution and other related topics.

Salary & allowances

Their monthly salary for an officer scale I start at Rs. 36,400/- along with house rent allowance, dearness allowance, special allowance, city compensatory allowance etc.

IBPS RRB exam

IBPS RRB Exam is conducted every year by IBPS for selection to the post of both IBPS RRB Assistant and IBPS RRB Officer Cadre in Regional Rural Banks spread across the country. For selection to the post of both Assistant and Officer Cadre in Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) spread across the country, IBPS organises IBPS RRB Exam every year. The selection is made to the post of:

Office Assistant

Marketing Manager

Treasury Manager

Officer Scale – I

Banking Officer Scale-II

Agriculture Officer (Grade – II)

Law Officer (Grade-II)

Law Officer (Grade-II)

Chartered Accountant (Grade II)

Officer (Grade III)

IT Officer (Grade II)

 

Eligibility & qualification

Nationality/citizenship is the same as mentioned above. The age limit is for office assistants (multipurpose) – should be between 18 years and 28 years. For Officer Scale-I (assistant manager) – 19 years to 29 years. For Officer Scale-II (Manager) – 22 years to 31 years. For Officer Scale – III (senior manager) 22 years to 39 years. The educational qualification varies for all these posts and can be referred to from the official website.

Paper pattern & criteria

For IBPS assistants, the examination procedure is of two phases:

  • A preliminary exam which is of 80 marks and 45 minutes including questions on reasoning and numerical ability.
  • And main exams of 200 marks for 2 hours including questions on reasoning, general awareness, numerical ability, English/Hindi language paper, and computer knowledge.
  • For IBPS RRB officers, the exam is conducted in three phases, first, two being the same as above followed by an interview.

Salary & allowances

The salary varies based on different posts. For IBPS RRB office assistant, it ranges between Rs 15000 to Rs 19000, for an IBPS RRB Officer (Scale I), it ranges from Rs.29,000 to Rs 33,000, For Officer (Scale II), it ranges between Rs.33,000 and Rs 39,000 and for Officer (Scale III), it ranges between Rs 38,000 to Rs 44,000.

Under Reserve Bank of India

RBI is the primary financial institution of the country. Jobs under RBI are regarded as highly valuable employment opportunities. RBI appoints its Grade B officers, whose examinations are held every year which faces steep competition for the limited seats available for this prestigious opportunity. The post for the Grade B officer is the most sought for the position related to banking jobs. 

Post and its description

The Grade B employees are recruited for the posts of Direct Recruits (DR), Department of Statistics and Information Management (DSIM) and Department of Economic & Policy Research (DEPR) in Common Seniority Group (CSG). The job of a Grade B officer is to handle the issuing of currency and the manners in which it is regulated, also to ensure if the financial stability of the system is intact, spreading awareness, and also to be a Government advisor and handle the accounts of the Government and Central Banks.

Eligibility & qualification

To appear for RBI Grade B Examination 2021, a candidate must be either:

  1. An Indian citizen, or a subject of Nepal/Bhutan, or
  2. A Tibetan refugee who is permanently settled in India before January 1, 1962, or
  3. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from either Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia, or Vietnam to reside permanently in India.

The candidates belonging to other categories except an Indian citizen should hold a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India.

The age limit for the candidates falls between 21 and 30 years as of January 1, of the current year. The aspirants have not been born earlier than 2 January 1991 and not later than 1 January 2000. Also, for the aspirants, who possess M.Phil and Ph.D qualifications, the upper age limit will be 32 and 34 years respectively.

  • To become an RBI Grade B Legal officer bachelor’s degree in law is required which should along with a minimum of 50% marks or equivalent in the aggregate of all semesters.
  • At least 2 years of experience as an advocate/law officer in the legal department of a large bank/financial institution /statutory corporation /company and/or legal associate etc.

Paper pattern & criteria

  • It is a national level exam conducted by RBI every year under the name of RBI Grade B.
  • It is conducted both in online and offline mode, where the languages of the exam are English and Hindi.
  • The exam is conducted in three phases: preliminary, main exam, and interview round. negative marking is applicable for both papers.

For Grade B (DR) for General

The paper pattern for this exam is as follows:

Phase 1 consists of multiple-choice questions in four sections – a) general awareness b) english language c) quantitative aptitude d) reasoning – total 120 minutes and 200 marks.

Phase 2 consists of three papers on economic and social issues, English language and finance and management.

  • Paper I – 50 % Objective (30 minutes , 50 marks) + 50% descriptive (90 minutes , 50 marks) (descriptive answers is to be typed using keyboard) – total 120 minutes and 100 marks.
  • Paper-II – descriptive(90 minutes, 100 marks).
  • Paper III – 50 % Objective (30 minutes,50 marks) + 50% descriptive (90 minutes, 50 marks) (descriptive answers is to be typed using the keyboard) – total 120 minutes and 100 marks.

Candidates qualifying for Phase I and Phase II will have to face an interview which will be conducted for 75 marks.

For DEPR/DSIM post:

It is also conducted through online/written tests and interviews.

  • Paper 1: 120 minutes for objective type on economics (DEPR) and statistics (DSIM).
  • Paper 2: 180 minutes for descriptive type on economics (DEPR) and statistics (DSIM).
  • Paper 3: 90 minutes for descriptive type on English.

Salary & allowances

The basic salary for the RBI Grade B employees is around Rs. 67,933/- including all the allowances provided by the government of India which are medical allowance, dearness allowance, mobile allowance, HRA allowance, education allowance, fuel allowance, spectacles allowance, Sodexo coupon, briefcase allowance, and leave fare concession travel. It provides a yearly increment in salary of the Grade B employees by about Rs. 1750/- for up to the next nine years. The salary is Rs. 50900 /- in the executive band with a yearly increment of Rs. 1750 /- for the next two years. Then the salary comes up to Rs. 54400 /- and yearly increment of Rs 2000 /-.

Grade B employees can be promoted to various new designations like the manager, assistant manager, general manager, deputy general manager, assistant general manager, principal chief general manager, executive director, deputy governor and governor of the RBI along with several other perks based on eligibility.

Under statutory corporation

SEBI Grade A Officer

It is an assistant manager legal post at the Securities Exchange Board of India which is the only regulatory body of the securities market in India.

Post & description

Employees are posted in various departments ranging from policy formulation to intermediary registration, inspection, supervision, investigation, adjudication, etc. This depends on the stream opted at the time of recruitment. Officers are classified as Grade A to Grade F (i.e. A: Assistant Manager, B: Manager, C: Assistant General Manager, D: Deputy General Manager, E: General Manager, F: Chief General Manager) in SEBI.

Education & qualification

The educational qualification allows a candidate to have an L.L.B degree from a recognized University / Institute among other streams. The maximum age limit is currently 30 years i.e. the candidate should not be born on or before 01st March 1990 with certain age relaxation for the reserved categories.

Paper pattern & criteria

The recruitment process is divided into three phases:

  • The first phase is a screening exam consisting of 2 papers, each paper of 100 marks for multiple choice questions for 60 minutes on the subjects viz. general awareness (including some questions related to the financial Sector of easy to moderate difficulty level), english language, quantitative aptitude and test of reasoning for all the streams. And for the general stream, multiple-choice questions on subjects commerce, accountancy, management, finance, costing, companies act and economics.
  • The second paper also consists of 2 papers, each of 100 marks for multiple choice questions for 40 minutes on the specialized subject related to the stream. Only qualified candidates of phase I are allowed to appear for phase II.
  • Phase-II is an online examination that also consists of 2 papers, each of 100 marks. An aggregate mark of 40 % is required to score in Phase-II to qualify.
  • Paper I: Common for all streams includes English (Descriptive Test) to test the drafting skills of 100 marks, 60 minutes and for general stream: Multiple choice questions on subjects Commerce, Accountancy, Management, Finance, Costing, Companies Act and Economics for 100 marks and 40 minutes.
  • Paper-II: Multiple choice questions on a specialized subject related to stream for 100 marks and 40 minutes.
  • Interview.

Salary & allowances

The current pre-revised CTC offered to Grade A officers is more than 17 Lacs per annum which includes various benefits like leave fare concession, conveyance expenses, medical expenses, eye refraction, insurance, medical benefits, financial dailies, book grant, briefcase, house cleaning allowance, subsidized lunch facility, staff furnishing scheme, scheme for purchasing computers, scheme for acquiring professional qualifications & certifications, accommodation/ housing allowance, gratuity etc.

Under Ministry of Home Affairs

Post & description 

The Office of the Custodian of Enemy Property for India, under the Ministry of Home Affairs, offers the post of Law officer (Grade-II) as a consultant. To assist the Law Officer Grade-I in the duties mentioned below:

  • To provide in house legal assistance to the office of CEPI.
  • To draft affidavits.
  • To put in place a mechanism for legal audit.
  • To monitor the status of litigations pertaining to enemy properties.
  • Any other task assigned by CEPI on legal matters from time to time.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is as follows:

  • Retired Government Officer of ILS/ Central Government Services who retired from the analogous post; or
  • On a contractual basis a person having a degree in law with a minimum experience of 3 years as a practitioner of law.
  • Along with working knowledge of computers.
  • The age limit is 65 years.

Salary & allowances 

Remuneration of Rs. 35,000 is offered. For contractual employees, the increment will be allowed @5% per annum on the basis of deserving officials based on their performance on a case to case basis on account of special expertise/experience in the concerned field. No allowance is provided.      

Under the Ministry of Railway

Based on the vacancy, the Indian Railway Finance Corporation, as a wholly Government-owned company under the administrative control of the Ministry of Railways Limited appoints for the post of joint legal manager (legal). Further state-wise different projects provide job opportunities on a contractual basis like assistant law officers. The incumbent of the post shall be responsible for aiding and assisting in the matter of statutory compliance/legal compliance and other matters related to Company law/ corporate law and providing secretarial assistance.

Eligibility & qualification

It varies from post to post but a candidate must be an LLB graduate. For chief law assistant in Indian railways university, a degree in law with 3 years standing to practise as a pleader at Bar. Serving railway employees who are law graduates are also eligible to apply for these posts, provided they have served for at least 5 years in any branch of the railway administration.

Paper pattern & criteria

For the Chief Legal Officer, there shall be a Single Stage Computer Based Test (CBT) followed by a Performance Test (PT) and document verification and medical examination thereafter. RRBs reserve the right to conduct the CBT in Single or multi-stage mode.

Salary & allowances

Varies from post to post. Rs 80,000 – 2,20,000 for joint legal manager. Rs 44900 p.m for chief law assistant.

Under the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

It is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit suitable candidates for the prestigious post of Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS) and other allied services.

Eligibility & qualification

The nationality must be  Indian for IAS and IPS. The candidate must have graduated from any recognized university or if in their final year or awaiting results, are also eligible to appear for UPSC preliminary Examination. The age limit for appearing in the UPSC exam is 21 years to 35 years. The number of attempts is 06 (General and EWS); 09 (OBC); SC/ST (Upto age limit).

For all other services nationality/citizen is as follows:

The candidate must either be:

  • An Indian citizen, or a subject of Nepal/ Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 to permanently settle in India, or a person of Indian origin (PIO) who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Ethiopia, Zaire, and Vietnam intending to permanently settle in India.
  • Except for a candidate who is an Indian citizen, all the others should hold a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India. Such candidates may take the exam before getting the said certificate of eligibility, but he/she would get the offer of appointment only after the certificate has been issued by the Government of India.

Note: A person belonging to other categories except for being an Indian citizen is not eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service (IFS).

Paper pattern & criteria

Broadly, UPSC conducts the Civil Service Examination in three phases namely:

  • Preliminary examination;
  • Main examination;
  • Personality test (interview).

UPSC CSE Prelims has two papers namely General Studies I and CSAT (General Studies Paper-II). Both are objective in nature with 200 marks each for 2 hours. While CSAT is qualifying in nature, the marks obtained in the General Studies paper determine your selection for UPSC Mains. Additionally, the wrong answers are awarded negative marks which are 1/3rd of the marks allotted for the question as a penalty. 

The IAS Mains Exam consists of two types of papers viz qualifying and merit-ranking. Paper A and Paper B namely the Language paper and English paper will be qualifying in nature. Paper I is an essay, paper II is general studies I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography, Society), paper III is general studies II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations), paper IV is general studies III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management), paper V is general studies IV (Ethics, Aptitude, Integrity), paper VI is optional I and paper VII is optional II which are all merit ranking papers for 3 hours and 250 marks descriptive in nature.

The interview process is the last and final stage of the selection process. The interview consists of 275 marks which makes the total of maximum marks 2025. Some of the qualities that the board assess in a candidate are:

  • Mental acuity;
  • Critical thinking;
  • Analytical thinking;
  • Risk assessment skills;
  • Crisis management skills;
  • Ability to become a leader;
  • Intellectual and moral integrity.

Salary & allowances

The salary post qualification differs from post to post. The starting basic per month salary of an IAS officer is Rs.56,100 (excluding TA, DA, and HRA) and can go on to reach Rs. 2,50,000 for a Cabinet Secretary.

Public Prosecutor

Post & description

The prosecutor’s office has two different levels. One is the district prosecutor who is appointed for a period of three/five years, the other at the lower magistrate courts who are appointed permanently. The chief function of a Public Prosecutor is to protect the citizens. A Public Prosecutor’s duties also include instituting, undertaking, or carrying on criminal proceedings in any case against the Government and for the Government. One could be a public prosecutor, chief prosecutor, additional prosecutor, assistant public prosecutor or director of the prosecution.

Eligibility & qualification

The qualification is:

  • An eligible candidate to be appointed as a public prosecutor has to be an Indian citizen.
  • The candidate must have completed at least a UG degree in law and should have an aggregate score of at least 50-55%.
  • A person must possess experience of seven years of practice as an Advocate. A person who appears for this exam can get a District Attorney or the Assistant District Attorney position.
  • The age limit for the candidates ranges between 35 years to 45 years at the time of applying (the maximum age limit of the candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes may be fixed by the Government from time to time).

Paper pattern & criteria

The paper pattern is:

  • The exam is conducted by UPSC. It is divided into two stages. A written test is conducted in the first stage which is then followed by an interview. The selected candidates are notified through mail.

Salary

An entry level public prosecutor would earn Rs. 3,50,000 per annum whereas a mid level and a senior level public prosecutor would earn Rs. 8,40,000 and Rs. 13,30,000 respectively.

As for 2021, current legal vacancies are as follows:

Name of Position – Total Vacancies

Govt Organization

Last Date

Law Clerk Trainee – 94

High Court of Allahabad

28/08/2021

Civil Judge (Junior Division) – 68

High Court of Andhra Pradesh

20/08/2021

Assistant – 55

High Court of Kerala

09/08/2021

Legal Assistant – 16

Gujarat High Court

10/08/2021

Conclusion

Legal services have now become one of the fastest growing and highly paid professions. So far as Government Sector jobs are concerned, many LLB graduates begin their career with the tax and labour department. From hereon, the job prospects go up the ladder. With time and experience, they even get into higher position jobs in State revenue or police or judicial departments. There are endless possibilities. The field has its own challenges but it’s also one of the most exciting, respected, and rewarding professions with its fruitful results. Regardless of the direction a candidate chooses to take, the sector has enough to offer everyone space depending upon what perfectly fits their interest and passion.

References 


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