AI and Environmental Law and Policy

April 14, 2020

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This article has been written by Ishaan Banerjee, studying at Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University. This article explores the benefits of AI and its applications in environmental law and policy.


We all must have heard about artificial intelligence or AI. AI is the latest game-changer in the field of technology. It has a wide ambit of applications across different fields, ranging from daily household chores to performing quantum level calculations and gathering data that otherwise cannot be gathered easily by humans. In our world, where the environment is being damaged by the use of fossil fuels and ecosystems are being destroyed, one can certainly wonder whether AI would be able to prevent such large-scale destruction of the environment. So how would AI be applied in such instances? This article would provide an insight into such questions.

What are the benefits of using AI?

AI could basically be defined as a mimicry of a human being’s intelligence by a machine. A human’s cognitive functions such as learning or problem solving are copied by the machine. Therefore, one might also define AI as a machine that has the ability to think and solve problems on its own. 

This ability of AI could be of various benefits to humans such as:

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How is the Legal Field using AI? 

Before this article begins with the applicability of AI to environmental law, it shall explore the AI applications to the law in general:

AI might also have many more uses that will be seen in the near future. There is a general notion among people that AI may be a threat to jobs. From a legal perspective, AI probably will only completely replace data entry jobs. The main aim of AI would be to make lawyers’ work easier and more efficient.

AI in Environmental Law and Policy

Applications of AI in different fields of Environmental Law and Policy:

Climate Change

Air Pollution 

Species and Habitat Protection

Sustainable Development


 Environmental Compliance 

Risks of Artificial Technology

Although AI might have many applications in environmental law According to the World Economic Forum, there are six risks related to AI use in environmental law and policy:


AI has the potential to change human lives and the environment. It has a large number of applications and this number will increase in the future and has immense benefits. However,there would be some flaws in AI; there might be data biasness issues, and the data might not always be accurate, but that would not undermine the immense benefits offered by it. This is exactly why AI would not fully replace the jobs of environmental lawyers and policy makers since the analysis of data would always require human judgment since it applies to society as a whole and one needs to measure the impact such technology will have on the society.


[1] https://hackr.io/blog/benefits-of-artificial-intelligence

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence#Basics


[4] https://www.thelawyerportal.com/blog/artificial-intelligence-law/

[5] https://www.ciiblog.in/technology/artificial-intelligence-in-indian-agriculture/

[6] https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2018/06/05/artificial-intelligence-climate-environment/



[9] https://blogs.dal.ca/melaw/2019/01/14/the-future-of-environmental-law/

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