This article has been written by Ankita Rathi, pursuing the Diploma Programme in Business Laws for In-House Counsels from LawSikho.
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A well-known word of the year 2020- New Normal! Work from home, Online pharmacy, Online shopping, etc are becoming new normal but can the concept of electronic scooter become a new normal in India? This initiative was to protect the environment but due to slowdown in the Indian economy, it has become a necessity rather than an initiative in India. There is a sudden hike in the prices of petrol and diesel, almost every city is becoming a target of pollution in India.
Earlier the steps taken for this innovation were different, in compliance with the Paris Agreement of 2015, signed by 195 countries, India has to reduce the use of fossil fuels in automobiles. India plans to reduce its carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 33-35 percent, and generate 40 percent of its installed electricity capacity by 2030 from non-fossil fuels, as part of its commitment to the agreement. India has to invest more in implementing carbon-neutral technology such as electric vehicles and renewable energy by 2025 in order to fulfill the terms of the agreement.
As Delhi is the most polluted city in the world, unhealthy levels (of PM2.5 particles) were affected by India’s air quality. In the next three to four years, with India heading towards 5G connectivity and the increase in the number of Smartphone users, the number of users who shop online or order food and groceries via apps is bound to increase exponentially. The growth in the adoption of sectors such as e-commerce and food technology has increased the number of delivery vehicles in the country as internet penetration continues to deepen.
Concept of EV
- Plug-in hybrid vehicles with two or three wheels are electric bikes and scooters. In a rechargeable battery, which drives one or more electric motors, the electricity is stored on board. Electric scooters have a step-through frame (as distinct from motorcycles).
- The Energy Department targets 4 trillion more population cities under EV Policy Initiative in the early stage of the Electric Vehicle (EV) implementation plan. In the second stage, it plans to include all national capitals, Union territories, main highways and major cities.
- In 2020, industry experts and several observers found the inflexion point for electric cars as the launch of the vehicle at the Auto Expo 2020 to be a milestone for the future of the Indigenous market.
- Auto Expo 2020 held in February this year focused largely on the future fuel for Indian transport, namely the electric vehicles that all industry players have created their best electrical models and concepts for their arsenal, beginning with Maruti Suzuki, and ending with new entrants as well as MG Motor and Great Wall Motors.
Can batteries create a hurdle
With a major change to electric vehicles, they will need several more batteries. The total numbers of vehicles registered in India are estimated at approximately 280 million (as recorded in 2019 in 2017) and thousands of new vehicles are added to Indian roads every month. In India, there are currently more than 500,000 electric vehicles, including commercial, municipal, two- and three-wheelers.
Many new two- and three-wheelers have been manufactured in India in the last two-three years to catch the growth and increase in electric vehicles. If electric vehicles in these two sectors are getting a favourable reaction, the Indian government knows that four-wheelers will follow automatically, and another section.
Advantages of EV
No extra charges for fuel
Although original electric cars cost considerably higher than traditional cars, in the long run, the cost of owning and maintaining electric cars is generally cheaper. Ergon Energy reports that in particular in developing countries, the electricity required for charging the electricity is on average about one-third of petroleum costs per km.
Eco-friendly and low on the carbon footprint
The electricity source in the case of EVs is equally significant. If energy is generated by means of environmental destruction such as coal-fired power stations, as is often the case in developing countries, it essentially contradicts the environmental benefits of electric cars.
As electric vehicles are free of internal combustion engines and commonly speaking, have fewer parts, they are generally silent than traditional vehicles. In turn, this helps to curb noise pollution, especially in crowded urban areas. Additionally, the lightweight electric motors have a smoother drive with higher speed over longer distances than cars that use fossil fuels.
Disadvantages of EV
The cost for an electric vehicle is therefore considerably higher than for a conventional vehicle but it makes a lot of sense to dive if you want to keep the product for a decade or more. This is due to the considerably lower operational and maintenance costs of an EV. EVs make a good case as a viable choice for an inexpensive driving experience with a per litre of gasoline really above the 81 Tanks in Delhi. Since the components are smaller, it is expected that the repair of an EV will also be much less costly – of course, for a long time.
This is where EVs continue to miss out on traditional vehicles. While EV infrastructure in major cities is constantly being upgraded, it is still ideal. A public charging station is a total anomaly on highways and smaller cities. The charging period is also important, while an EV may be charged using a normal wall socket which can mean that an EV owner is held in prison for the passing hours. Many suggest that an EV preferably be the second or later vehicle in an Indian household. With the ongoing development of infrastructure, auto buyers could jump in right at the right moment.
Range of EV
There have always been concerns about how many miles in an oil or diesel engine. The question is: How many miles an electric vehicle can do at maximum charge is a matter for people worldwide when they consider a vehicle of this type. Various battery packs, which mean a different variety, have different choices. The distance an EV can cover is therefore significant and also depends on whether it is used as a day-to-day shuttle or daily road haulage.
Electronic Electric OEMs already in the Indian market have a great deal to do with post-sales service issues. Battery packs are assured for several years, whilst the service networks are fitted with technicians who are specially qualified to welcome and manage an EV. Wall charging units are often built at the chosen customers’ location by several producers without any extra expense.
Problems in manufacturing EV in India
- In electric cars, the materials used are different from those used in traditional vehicles.
- New demands on the world supply chain could be generated as demand for battery components such as nickel and cobalt could rise significantly.
- Battery chemistry may need to be adapted or maybe new models of transport may arise for the resolution of essential supply problems.
- New infrastructure for charge vehicles will also be required for the transition. Neither of these barriers is insurmountable and the sales of passenger cars by 2050 will mostly be electric.
- Hydrogen is another path to electric cars. In the future blog posts for this series, we will discuss the potential for renewable hydrogen vehicles and other challenges such as the energy of ships and aircraft.
Bounce EV revolution in India
- Bengaluru’s Bike-Sharing platform, the Bounce company co-founder and CEO Vivekananda HR announces on Twitter, all the requisite retro-fit approvals for their electric scooter (November 26). In Bengaluru, the company has invited its users to test electric scooter drives. The customers who are interested will complete a moving shape.
- Two months after Bounce obtained certification for self-assembled two-wheeled electric vehicles from the International Center for Automotive Technology (ICAT), the latest announcement arrives (EV).
- Each part of the vehicle including lights, mirrors, tires and more is approved by the certification procedure. This procedure applies for all vehicle types, including EV vehicles and ICE vehicles for internal combustion engines. Even the braking mechanism and other electronic fittings are strictly controlled in the certification process.
- In recent years, other start-ups such as Ather Energy, Revolt, Okinawa, Tork Motors and others have been licensed for their two-wheelers. But Bounce is the only bike-sharing network based on customers to be accredited in India.
- The EV in discussions is fully assembled by Bounce to build this electric scooter by a separate team of engineers. The firm will soon need a production unit or partners to help broaden production processes and provide these EVs both on a subscription and long-term rental model. At the same time, it will also be collaborating with scooters for last-mile use with delivery and e-commerce firms.
We have seen massive changes, particularly in terms of technology, but also in terms of people’s attitude towards cars’ environmental impacts and other mobility solutions, from the first electric car established in 1837 up to the present time. Although the electric vehicle market is currently a lucrative goal for companies and start-ups in India, several obstacles still remain to be addressed in order for EVs to be ready for mass adoption. High-cost barriers include, for example, manufacturing electric vehicles domestically.
Similarly, battery manufacturing is essentially a costly venture. The Indian Government must concentrate its energies on promoting technological disruption to resolve these challenges. The government would also need to provide enhanced tax incentives and subsidies to potential car owners and suppliers in order to quicker adoption of EVs.
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