In this article, Shraddha Patidar of Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad discusses the organisational setup of state government labour departments.
Labour law refers to the laws regulating employment. In India, there over 50 national laws and many more at the state level. As per Article 246(4) of the Constitution of India, both the Centre and the State can make laws on labour laws. Mostly the Parliament enact the laws relating to labour laws and the State government implement those laws through their administrative authority. Certain laws such as the Minimum Wages Act are applicable to establishments employing a single person. The constitutional status of labour jurisdiction has been explained in the following table.
(Central as well as State Government)
|Entry No. 55
Regulation of labour and safety in mines and oil fields
|Entry No. 22
Trade unions, industrial and labour disputes
|Entry No. 61
Industrial disputes concerning Union employees
|Entry No. 23
Social security and insurance, employment and unemployment
|Entry No. 65
Union agencies and institutions for “… vocational … training …”
|Entry No. 24
Welfare of labour including conditions of work, provident funds, employers’ invalidity, and old-age pension and maternity benefits
Labour department ensures effective enforcement of various labour laws by which it facilities harmonious industrial relations. It protects and safeguards the interest of workers and it acts as an instrument for conciliation and conflict resolution between the labour and the management.
Functions of the Labour Department
- To implement State labour laws and employment laws for ensuring basic statutory working conditions and labour standards.
- To protect the interests of workers, both in organized and unorganized sectors and to maintain industrial peace and harmony.
- To Ensure wages, safety, welfare, working hours, weekly & other holidays, leave etc. for workers.
- To eliminate employment of all forms of child labour and rehabilitation of those released from work
- To promote the welfare and social security of workers by the implementation of schemes.
- To provide social security to the injured workmen and maternity benefit to the women workers
- To provide for registration and Licensing of Establishments and collection of labour welfare fund.
- To provide for registration of trade union and unorganized sector.
Services which the labour department should provide
- Approval of Factory Building Plans under the Factories Act, 1948.
- Registration/Grant of Licence/Renewal/Amendment of the factory license under Factories Act, 1948.
- Registration/Amendment of Establishment of Employing contract workers under contract labour (R&A) Act, 1970.
- Grant of Licence/Renewal/Amendment of contract labour license under the contract labour act (R&A) Act, 1970.
- Registration/Amendment of Establishments employing migrant workmen under Inter State migrant workmen Act, 1979.
- Grant of Licence/Renewal/Amendment of Establishments employing migrant workmen under Inter State migrant workmen Act, 1979.
- Registration/Renewal/Amendment under the Motor Transport Workers’s Act 1961.
- Renewal/Amendment under Trade Unions, 1926.
- Inspection under various Labour laws.
- Filing of annual return under various labour laws.
- Self-certification scheme under various labour laws
Labour Department – State Wise Information
|Labour Department||Address||Email id||Contact no.||Activites|
|Andhra Pradesh-Labour Department||Paturi’s Pride,
Papaiah Street X Roads, Seetharampuram,
Vijayawada – 520 002,
|[email protected]||0866-2436313||Labour, Employment|
|Arunachal Pradesh-Department of Labour and Employment||Directorate of Information and Public Relations
Polo Colony, Near Kidzee School.
|Assam-Labour & Employment Department||Block –D, 3rd Floor,
|[email protected]||03612237255||Labour, Employment|
|Bihar-Labour Department||Sanyukt shram bhawan, Ramnagar, Bahadurpur, Darbhanga, Bihar 846001||lcbihargmail.com||076797 44614||Labour, Employment, training,Child labour abolition,Rehabilitation of child labour|
|Chattisgarh-Department of Labour||Office of the Workers Chhattisgarh, Raipur (Chhattisgarh Government, Labor Department) Vol.-3, 2nd Floor, Indravati Bhawan, New Raipur (Chhattisgarh)||[email protected]
||+91 7354778899, +91 9893865006
|Goa-Department of Labour||Department Of Information & Technology
2nd Floor IT Hub, Altinho,
Panaji, Goa – 403001
|[email protected]||+918322221505 +918322221509||Labour, Employment, Child labour abolition, Bonded Labour Abolition|
|Gujarat-Labour & Employment Department||Office of Director of Labour,
Block No. 11,12,14, 2nd Floor, Udoyg Bhavan,
Sector – 11. Gandhinagar – 382 017. Gujarat.
|[email protected]||+91-232-57500||Labour, Employment, Employment, and training|
|Haryana-Labour Department||30 Bays Building, Sector 17,
Chandigarh – 160 017
|[email protected]||0172-2701373||Labour, Employment|
|Himachal Pradesh-Labour &||New Himrus Bhawan, Circular Road, Shimla-171001||[email protected]||0177-2625085||Labour, Employment,|
|Jammu & Kashmir-Department of Labour and Employment
||441, 4th Floor, Civil Secretariat, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir 190005||[email protected]
|Jammu – 0191-2546159, 2565824
Srinagar – 0194-2506213,2506333
|Jharkhand-Labour and Employment||Ground Floor, Engineer’s Hostel – I, Near Golchakkar, Dhurwa, Ranchi, Jharkhand.||[email protected]||0651-2401040||Labour, Employment, old age person, age welfare, training|
|Karnataka- Department of Labour||“Karmika Bhavan”, Bannerughatta Road, Bangalore – 560 029. Karnataka.||[email protected]||08026531252||Labour, Employment, labour welfare, Child Labour cell|
|Kerala-Labour Commissionerate||District Labour Officer,Thozhil Bhavan, Thiruvananthapuram||[email protected], [email protected]||0471-2783939
|Labour, Employment, Labour laws|
|Madhya Pradesh-Labour Welfare Board||New Moti Bungalow, MG Road, Indore – 452007||[email protected]||:(0731)2432822
|Labour, Employment, Child labour, child labour prohibition|
|Maharashtra-Department of Labour||Kamgar Bhavan, 4th floor, C-20, E Block,
Opp. Reserve Bank, BKC,
Bandra (E), Mumbai-51.
|[email protected]||022 – 26573833 / 26573733||Employment, Self-employment|
|Manipur-Department of Labour||
Department of Labour Government of Manipur
Imphal – 795001 Manipur
|Meghalaya-Department of labour||Labour Department, Government of Meghalaya,
Room No. 511,
5th Floor, Additional Secretariat Building,
|Mizoram-Labour, Employment & Industrial Training Department||Tuikhuahtlang, Dr. C. Silvera building, Opp. A.I.R. Road
Aizawl – 796001, Mizoram.
|[email protected]||0389 – 2311734||Labour, Employment, vocational guidance, labour laws|
|Nagaland-Labour & Employment Department||Kohima, Nagaland 797004||[email protected]||0370-2270132/2270135||Labour, Employment|
|Orissa-Labour Directorate||Shrama Bhawan, Kharavela Nagar, Near Gurudwar,
|+91 674 2390624||Labour, Employment, child labour elimination, a special school for child labour|
|Punjab-Labour & Employment Department
|SCO No. 47-48, 3rd floor, Sector – 17 E, Chandigarh
|Room no. 5225, Secretariat, Jaipur, Rajasthan||[email protected]||0141-2227061
|Labour, Employment, child labour, bonded labour, labour courts|
|Sikkim-Labour Department||Middle Lingding, Gangtok, Sikkim||[email protected]||03592-206318||Labour, Employment, labour laws|
|Tamil Nadu-Labour Department||Government of Tamil Nadu
Secretariat, Fort St. George
Chennai – 600009
|[email protected]||25670472||Labour, Employment, training, labour courts, child labour, rehabilitation|
|Tripura-Directorate of Labour||TBOCWW Board
Labour Directorate, 1st floor AMC building,
|[email protected]||0381-2383261||Labour, Employment, labour laws|
|Uttarakand-Department of Labour||Government of Uttarakhand
4, Subhash Road
|[email protected]||05946:282849||Labour, Employment|
|Uttar Pradesh-Labour Department
|Baapu Bhawan||0522-2237165||[email protected]||Labour, Employment, Child Labour alleviation|
|West Bengal-Labour Welfare Board||P-3, CIT Scheme Vll-M,
Kolkata- 700 054
|[email protected]||033-2320-4241/7624||Labour, Employment, Labour welfare, Labour laws|
|Andaman & Nicobar||Office Of the Labour Commissioner
Supply Line, Port, Blair
|[email protected]||+91 (3192) 233138||Labour,
||Raj Bhawan, Chandigarh||admr-chd AT nic.in||+91 172 2740740||Labour, Employment|
|Dadar & Nagar Haveli-Labour Department
Opp. Mamlatdar Office,
Near Treasury office
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Pin :- 396230
|[email protected]||0260-2642374||Labour, Employment|
|Labour and Employment Office, Diu||The Collector & District Magistrate
Collectorate, Fort Road,
Diu (U.T.) – 362520.
|[email protected]||02875-252444, 252111||Labour, Employment|
|Labour Department-Delhi||D Block 5 Sham Nath Marg Delhi.||[email protected]||23968706||Labour, Employment, child labour rehabilitation|
|Lakshadweep-Department||Kavaratti, Lakshadweep, 682555||[email protected]||+9495093537||Labour, Employment, Vocational guidance|
|No. 1, Panni Thittu Main Road,
Vambapet, Bahour Commune,