Obtain Gun License

This Article on “How to get a Gun License in India” is written by Ishita Mehta.

Getting a Gun License in India comes under the Arms Act of 1959. Civilians or citizens of India who want to own a gun are allowed to purchase only NPB guns ( Non- prohibited bore). This Act allows the civilians to get a gun license if they have a major threat towards their life.

But, how to prove the threat?

Proving threat is not a major task as it just needs the FIR ( first information report ) but, the process of obtaining Gun license in India is long.

How to get Gun License

  • The first step is to submit an application. One can get the application form from the district superintendent of the police of the particular state it is in.
  •  After getting the application, the police will check if there are any past records of any kind of criminal activity and they will also check if the address given is authentic or not.
  • There are a lot of information gathered about the person who wants to obtain a gun, which also includes asking the people in the surrounding or neighborhood if they see any kind of malicious treatment or if they have seen the person getting involved in fights due to anger or burst out.
  •  To determine if the person is mentally or physically ill or not, the DCP does an interview of the person who wants to get the gun license.
  • In the interview, the main question is- why do you need a gun? Self-defense is stated as one of the major reasons why most people in India wants a gun and it is accepted also. One can also ask for a gun license if he/she wants protection from the wild animals.
  • After the interview, the DCP sends the reports to both the criminal branch and the national crime record bureau.

If all these steps are fulfilled and the DCP is satisfied with the relevant information, a civilian can get a gun license after this.

Now, after getting the gun license, the customer obviously have to contact the dealer for the procurement of the gun. For this, the customer will have to book a pre-order to get the gun from any licensed shop of their choice.

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Get Application Form For Gun License

Gun License forms are easily available on the website of Indian ordnance factory.

Documents required for getting the gun from the factory-

  1. Issued license with valid date and place and should be either in English or in Hindi.
  2. A photocopy of the Gun license.
  3. One copy of the NOC for the factory owner and one copy of the NOC for Police authorities. NOC is the no objection certificate(in case if the gun license is valid across India then, there is no need to provide with NOC certificate).
  4. There is also a need of transport license of the place where the factory is located.

One cannot issue letters just on the basis of the authorities but, the delivery can be permitted to the retainer only on the behalf of the customer. Now, this also requires some additional information including the name of the retainer along with the passport size picture and an authority letter signed by the retainer himself.

Get A Gun From-

Guns For customers Address of the factory Contact details Price
0.32″ Revolver MK-III The General Manager,

Field Gun Factory,

Kalpi Road, Kanpur, UP.

PIN – 208009

0512-2295100-04 64,000 Rupees excluding tax
0.32″ Revolver (Long Barrel) (ANMOL) The General Manager,

Small Arms Factory,

Kalpi Road, Kanpur, UP.

PIN – 208009

0512-2295042-46 87,500 Rupees excluding tax
0.32″ Revolver MK-III(L) (Nirbheek) The General Manager,

Field Gun Factory,

Kalpi Road, Kanpur, UP.

PIN – 208009

0512-2295100-04 96,500 Rupees excluding tax
0.32″ Revolver (MK-IV) The General Manager,

Small Arms Factory,

Kalpi Road, Kanpur, UP.

PIN – 208009

0512-2295042-46 68,000 Rupees excluding tax
0.32″ Pistol The General Manager,

Gun & Shell Factory,

Cossipore, Kolkata

West Bengal

PIN – 700002

(033) 25575432 70,000 Rupees excluding tax
0.22″ Sporting Rifle The General Manager,

Rifle Factory,

Ishapore,

P.O. Nawabgunj, Dist. 24- Parganas (N).

West Bengal

PIN – 743144

(033) 25937119-23 38,200 Rupees excluding tax
0.30-06″ Sporting Rifle The General Manager,

Rifle Factory,

Ishapore,

P.O. Nawabgunj, Dist. 24- Parganas (N).

West Bengal

PIN – 743144

(033) 25937119-23 86,250 Rupees excluding tax
0.315″ Sporting Rifle The General Manager,

Rifle Factory,

Ishapore,

P.O. Nawabgunj, Dist. 24- Parganas (N).

West Bengal

PIN – 743144

(033) 25937119-23 56,100 Rupees excluding tax
0.22″ Revolver The General Manager,

Rifle Factory,

Ishapore,

P.O. Nawabgunj, Dist. 24- Parganas (N).

West Bengal

PIN – 743144

(033) 25937119-23 40,900 Rupees excluding tax
0.22″ Revolver NIDAR The General Manager,

Rifle Factory,

Ishapore,

P.O. Nawabgunj, Dist. 24- Parganas (N).

West Bengal

PIN – 743144

(033) 25937119-23 40,400 Rupees excluding tax
0.32 Revolvers/ Pistols Ordnance Cable Factory,

Chandigarh-160002.

(0172) 2650-577 /-526

 

How To Procure A Gun In India

It takes about two months of waiting time for the gun to be received to the customer and in some cases, it can go up to three months based on the manufacturing system of a particular factory.

If somebody wants to renew the gun license, there is a renewal form available for them.

In the renewal form, the customer is obligated to produce the weapon with the gun license, along with all the other documents which they’d already attested at the time of getting their license.

If the gun license is issued in another state and there is a need to issue it again in the different states, the customer should take following steps-

  • They have to get a re-registration form to the authority and then attach another copy of the license which was issued to them earlier.
  • Attachment of the residential proof should also be provided.
  • NOC should be attached if the license is not valid all over India.
  • Police statement with their remarks on the nearby areas.

Also Read: How to procure Gun in India?

How To Sell Your Licensed Gun

If somebody wants to sell their weapon they should submit an application with Rs 5/- court stamp on it with attached copy of the original gun license and inform the arms branch that they’re interested in selling their weapon.

They should provide all the documents which they earlier submitted for getting the weapons issued.

Can The Gun Be Transferred?

If the original gun license is present during the lifetime of the person who wants to transfer the ownership of the weapon to the legal heirs by making application on a plain paper and this paper will be attached with the Form A of the person to whom the transfer of license is given.

If the original license has expired, then the application can be made again in the form A. There will be the requirement of two passport size photos and there should be no objection from the legal heirs.

Can Overseas Indian Citizens Get Gun License In India?

Getting a gun license in India for overseas citizens of India depends on the particular residence of the overseas citizen.

  1. It has to prove that the state of residence is permanent.
  2. It’ll have to give a valid reason of why it wants the gun license.

For instance, if he wants the license for hunting purpose.

But, for the overseas citizens who come to India for short span of time, it gets very hard for them to attain license.

Cancellation Of Gun License

  • If the person during the course of getting a gun license, suppresses or does not convey the right material facts for obtaining the gun license then the officials can cancel the license. The officials can also suspend a gun license for a particular period of time.
  • The license officer can suspend a gun license if he is satisfied that the owner of the gun has prohibited certain provisions under the act.
  • They can also suspend gun license if there is a threat in the public space and also if the delivery of the weapon is not done after the end of the license term.

Obtain License To Import – Export Guns

In the general law, it is given that no citizen can import or export the guns based on the foreign trade policies. But, there are certain exceptions to this to import any item to another country-

  • Firstly, the user or importer should get the license from the authority.
  • The importer can directly contact the government agency and from there he will get the procedure to import of the arms.
  • Under the import of goods, documents regarding the imports and custom clearance certificate is necessary. They should also have the origin of the certificate.
  • Now, we need to understand that the imports of the goods from the least developing countries need to be certified before the export.

Number of Guns to be Owned with one Gun license

An Indian citizen can own more than one guns on one arms license. But, each type of firearm needs to be individually endorsed after taking the due permission from the license authority.

So, For example, let’s say you initially apply for an arms license for a handgun (NPB pistol/ revolver),the license is granted and you purchase and have the handgun endorsed on your license.

Later, if you wish to purchase a rifle/ additional handgun/ shotgun, you will need to write an application to the licensing authority, requesting for an addition of the type of firearm you wish to have added (rifle/ handgun/ shotgun) and stating/explaining your need for the same.

The licensing authority should approve the application only then can another arm can be purchased. There is a maximum limit of 3 firearms that an individual can own at any given point of time.

Latest News Regarding Arms Rules

Now, every person who is applying for arms license have to go through a safety training course relating to arms.

This course will involve safeguard principles including-

  • Safe handling.
  • Firing technique.
  • The whole procedure for their safe keeping or transportation.

The authority also says that the arms license will be given to the individuals who confront grave and foresee risk to their life by reason of being inhabitant of their region or zones, where they have threat to their lives and the extremists are most active.

Now, the license authority can grant the license or refuse to give it just within a period of 60 days.

Licenses will be issued only for three categories

  1. Self-defense
  2. Sports
  3. Crop protection

The government has allowed citizens to own licensed electronic disabling devices such as taser gun. The main purpose of issuing taser gun is to enhance women’s safety.

Area validity of Arms licences

In respect of Prohibited Bore (PB) weapons, extension area to one state or more than one states or all over India is to be considered by the Central Government on the merits of the reasons given by the retainer of the weapon. For NPB weapons, instructions have been issued to the State Governments to carefully consider requests for allowing All India Validity (AIV) judiciously based on the recommendations of the DM concerned depending upon the genuineness of the request, local factors and the law and order situation.

The state governments have been advised to allow area validity upto a maximum of three adjoining States and also to consider AIV requests at State level for the following categories:

(i) Sitting Union Ministers/Members of Parliament,

(ii) Personnel of Military and Para-Military,

(iii) Officers of All-India Services,

(iv) Officers with liability to serve anywhere in India,  of applicants may be approved at the level of Secretary (Home) of the State concerned.

For the applicants not covered by the above categories, the State Government shall seek prior concurrence of MHA(Ministry of Home Affairs) with full clarification in deserving cases. All India Validity can be allowed for three years in such cases and shall be re-considered after 3 years by the State Government with prior concurrence of MHA. The State Government may send data of All-India validity on quarterly basis to MHA.

Grant of Arms licences under family Heirloom

PB/ NPB weapons of an existing licensee can be transferred to his/her legal heir. If the licensee had held the weapon for a period of 25 years or more or the licensee has attained the age of 70 years or more. Applications can be filed for transfer of PB and NPB weapons with the MHA and State Government/DM, subject to the condition that the legal heir should be eligible to get the license under the Arms Act and should be capable of handling the weapon.

Currently, son/daughter/wife/husband are considered as ‘legal heir’ and the licensee can file an application to transfer the licence in favour of them. After the death of the licensee the license can be transferred to his/her legal heir without any objection.

There are cases where the licensee have requested to transfer the licence in favour of son-in-law, daughter-in-law, brother and sister of the licensee. These cases arises when the licensee does not have any son/daughter of his own or they have settled abroad and unwilling to hold the licence. So it has ?>daughter-in-law, brother and sister of the licensee on the merits of the case, in addition to son, daughter, wife and husband, to whom the licensee will be free to transfer his weapon as per his wish during his lifetime. After the death of the licensee the licence can be transferred to one of the legal heir subject to ‘No objection Certificate’ from other legal heirs.

Addition to

 

  • Number of Guns to be owned under a license.

 

If a person owns more than three guns under one license before or at the commencement of the arms (amendment) act,1983 then he is given an option to to retain any three guns submit the rest to the officer in charge of the nearest police station or with a licensed dealer or, where such person is a member of the armed forces of the Union

License To Import – Export Guns

In the case when the import-export is not for the purpose of selling but for personal use then any person who is authorised under the arms act to have such arm can bring in and out of India such arm without any specific license.

In the case of a non citizen i.e. belonging to any other country is not prohibited by the laws of that country from having in his possession any arms and ammunition then he can bring with into India arms and ammunition in reasonable quantities for use by him for purposes only of sport and for no other purpose.

LICENSE EXEMPTION FOR DEFENCE PERSONNEL

A military officer is allowed to keep one personal firearm (this is beside there service issue firearm) without the need for a license. They need to inform their CO about the firearm and have the CO(Commissioned Officer) enter the make, serial number and etc in their register. They must also get a license once they are discharged from service. This is covered in the Defence Service Rule. Rule says that the Commissioned officer can keep a handgun and those from the rank’s a shotgun or rifle without a license during their service.

According to section 3 and 4 of Armed act,1959 all person in India can have a license issued for possessing,acquiring or carrying any arm or firearm.  Section 41 of Armed act is penal provision for contravention of act. Enacted to notify in the official gazette, exempt any person or class of people or exclude any description of arms from the operation of all or any of the provisions in this act.

Under Rule 57(3) of the act the central government has issued a general order i.e, all junior commissioned officer, warrant officer,petty officers, non-commissioned officers and soldiers of armed forces whether in service or retired are exempted from payment of fees for grant or renewal of any license for the sporting gun or rifle with reasonable quality of ammunition.

Section 17 of The Arms Act, 1959; Variation, suspension and revocation of licenses.—

Provision for variation in firearm license

Variation of firearm license means any kind of changes or alteration or any difference from that of the existing condition in the license typically within the given limits. The license authority can vary the condition to which license is already granted except for the ones which are prescribed through the act which are mandatory.

  1. The license-holder by a notice in writing is asked to deliver the licence to the licensing authority within the specified time.
  2. The license authority may make changes, on receiving the application from the license holder or also change the conditions of the license except for the prescribed.

Provision for suspension or revocation of firearm license

Suspension of firearm license means temporary or permanent prohibition of holding a license or having the possession or use of the firearm. Revocation means total cancellation of the license. The licensing authority may by order in writing suspend the license of a license holder for a period as it may think fit to it or revoke (cancel) the license.

Condition for suspension or revocation

  • If the licensing authority is satisfied that the license holder is prohibited from holding the firearm license under The Arms Act, 1959 or any other law that is in force for time being for acquiring, having the possession or carrying of such arms and ammunition.
  • If the license holder is found to be of unsound mind (mental, lunacy or any other mental disorder).
  • For any other reason that is unfit under The Arms Act.
  • If any condition of the license is violated, or
  • If the license holder has failed to deliver the license within the time specified in the notice.
  • The licensing authority may also revoke the license on the application of the license holder.
  • An authority which is superior to the licensing authority may order in writing to suspend or revoke a license on the grounds of suspension or revocation of license on which the licensing authority may suspend or revoke the license.
  • Court convicting the holder of a license, can suspend or revoke the license of such holder. Exception, if the conviction is set aside through an appeal or otherwise then the suspension or revocation will be void.
  • When the appellate court or the high court exercise their power of revision they can also suspend or revoke the licence of the license holder during the trial.
  • Central government may by order in the Official Gazette, suspend or revoke the license or direct the licensing authority to do so all or any license granted under The Arms Act, 1959 throughout India or even in part of it.

The licensing authority makes an order for varying in the license or an order for suspension or revocation, it should record all the reasons in brief writing and provide to the holder on demand unless the authority feels that the statement will not be of public interest.  

On the suspension or revocation of the license, the license holder is supposed to surrender the license immediately to the authority by whom it is been suspended or revoked or to any other authority as specified in the order of suspension or revocation.

How to get a Gun License online

 

Punjab

 

Online form instructions

  • To apply for a gun license online in Punjab, you have to first to go to the state portal of Punjab. Click on this to reach the site http://punjab.gov.in/

  • Scroll the page and then click on ‘Citizen Login’ tab.
  • If you are a new user then click on ‘New User’ link, orelse login with your username and password.

 

  • New users will have to fill a user registration online form to register themselves.

  • Once you login for the first time, you will be asked to update your profile. So please update it.
  • Click on the ‘Fresh Application’ link in the left menu.
  • On the next page, all the services will be listed department wise. You will have to click on the service that you want, that is issuance of Arm License and click on ‘Apply’.
  • On the fresh application screen, click on ‘Alternative 2’ (online application form), then click on  ‘Click here to fill the application form online’ link. To reach directly to online form click on the link http://punjab.gov.in/documents/10191/1058505/Issuance+of+new+Arms+License020518.pdf/1b94b19d-ef96-48fd-99ea-019484371ed9  
  • Fill the form carefully and provide all the necessary details, then click on ‘Submit’.
  • Then click on ‘View Saved Application’ link then select the application and click on ‘Upload Supporting Documents’ option.
  • Upload all the required supporting documents.

        

Maharashtra

  • Submit the completed application form to Additional District Magistrate (Form A) (Screenshot below). The form can be downloaded from http://www.mhpolice.maharashtra.gov.in/Citizen/MH/Download.aspx .
  • The licensee must submit the form along with all the required documents.
  • Also the licensee should produce his/her weapon and license for inspection at the time of renewal and pay the renewal fees.
  • Renewal will be done immediately and the necessary notification about the renewal will be made in the license.

This’s all about “How To Obtain Gun License In India” for now. I hope this added value to You. Moreover, do write to us if you think it’s necessary to own a Gun in today’s time, when the crimes are increasing day by day & safe-guards have become a mute spectator? What do you think is the biggest weapon? Comment below.

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11 COMMENTS

  1. Hello there,
    I want to know whether a person holding arms licence can test his weapon in his private property.
    Is is legal to Test fire a gun in air on one’s own Farm field ?
    Does the person need to take permission from any authority before testing his weapon ?

  2. Thanks for this information. I am Rajesh Parab and residing in Mumbai i want gun license for safety purpose i dont have any criminal record on my name also what is the cost for this? Also i want to know if I get license and gun can i carry while travelling in India please help me to get this
    Thanks
    Rajesh Parab
    8169094702

  3. Thank you sir, my utmost gratitude for the effort of your team, i am a
    regular visitor to your site indeed, i thought to, (out of courtsey) provide some suggestion and feedback of my own , would be thankful
    if you could reply or recognize my suggestions to make this website
    more content focused .
    Regards.
    Rana Duggal.

  4. Many thanks sir, my utmost gratitude for the
    effort of your team, i am indeed a regular visitor to your site,
    i thought to, (out of courtsey) provide some suggestion and feedback
    of my very own , would be thankful if you could reply or
    acknowledge my recommendations to make this website
    more content oriented .
    Regards.
    Rana Duggal.

  5. On 09/08/2003 I purchased one National – 35 Toy Air Gun of .22 Bore, manufactured by The Indian Hume Pipe Company Limited , from Cochin Armoury, Ernakulam, Kochi, Kerala – 682035. The operations instructions as well as the Cash Bill are stamped, “NO LICENCE REQUIRED”. Now I am given to understand that from 15 July 2016 Air Guns are of .177″ (4 – 5 mm), of muzzle energy less than 20 joules or 15 ft. lbs., mandated by the ISSF for use in international target shooting competition at 10m. and do not require Arms Licence. However, .22″ (5.5 – 5.6 mm) Guns of muzzle energy exceeding 20 joules or 15 ft. lbs. require a licence, as these fall under the category of Fire Arms even though they are air guns using pellets and not bullets. How can I get an arms licence for my Air Gun?

  6. I am a NRI/OCI card holder and U.S. citizen. I have read and understand that the Arms License Act allows tourist and foreign nationals an arms license, sometimes even a temporary license . The Indian Embassy here in New York informed to get in contact  with the MHA to get a a temporary license for my duration of stay. I am interested in bringing a handgun to India for hobby target shooting, self defense, and animal protection during hiking . I am fully licensed handgun owner in the U.S.I will also take the firearm back with me to U.S. Please advice me on how to go about the procedure in full complaince of law.
                                         Thank you

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